Faculty of Arts and Sciences

Turkish Language and Literature

Duration 4 Years
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About the Department

The Turkish Language and Literature Undergraduate Program trains qualified individuals who can educate themselves in the field of Turkish language, culture, and literature in line with the mission of the Cyprus International University. The department aims to benefit the country and society by sharing knowledge via education and training, in order to be able to successfully represent the university. Various trips and social activities are organized to ease students' social adaptation. Conferences, panels, etc. are also organized on a regular basis. Through academic meetings, our students have the opportunity to meet and talk with experts working in this field and in different fields. During national memorial days, activities are organized with the contributions of students. Furthermore, foreign language learning is encouraged.

Accreditations

Turkish Language and Literature Program has been accredited by the Association for the Evaluation and Accreditation of Science, Literature, Science-Literature, Language and History-Geography (FEDEK), which is a leading accreditation institution, since 24th February 2018, and continues its educational activities within this framework.

Education Opportunities

The program, besides the lessons of the main branches of science, offers courses such as Turkish Folk Literature, New Turkish Literature, Old Turkish Literature and Turkish Language, Western Literature, World Literature, Turkish Cypriot Literature, Turkish Culture History, Thought History, Aesthetics, Children's Literature, and Mythology. In the course of Turkish Folk Literature and Folklore, students gain the skills of analyzing and interpreting Turkish folk culture. In addition to studying the literary trends of Tanzimat in the course of the New Turkish Literature, students develop skills of critical thinking built on a scientific basis and with the examination of selected texts in light of contemporary art movements, literary theories, and criticism methods. In old literary teaching the following subjects will be discussed: classification of Turkish Literature History, sources of Turkish Literature, decomposition of People, Divan and Tekke-Sufi literature, starting from Pre-Islamic Process XII.

CIU Campus Students

Career Areas

Graduates of the Department of Turkish Language and Literature can teach Turkish language and literature in secondary education within the framework of the relevant legislation. They can produce programs, become news editors or presenters in radio and television broadcasting organizations. Those who develop themselves in the field of Ottoman Turkish may be directed to libraries and archival institutions. They can also edit the Turkish language used in the media. They can work in various private and official institutions in the field of folklore. The field of artistic production of literature is also a bright and interesting undertaking for our graduates. The lessons given to the Turkish world would provide broad business opportunities for those seeking to work in the Central Asian Turkic Republics. If students decide to pursue our graduate programs, they can graduate from a Ph.D. degree in science to be able to work at various universities as teaching staff.

Contact

Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Education and Humanities Center, EH113
Tel: +90 392 671 1111 Extension: 2601
Faculty E-mail: secretary-fas@ciu.edu.tr
Head of Department: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Gürkan Gümüşatam
Head of Department E-mail: ggumusatam@ciu.edu.tr

Compulsory modules

First Semester
ENGLISH-I

Course code

INGL121

Credit

0

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
The course introduces students with basic speech patterns at the elementary level. Through listening students will identify different sound rhythms and practice pronounciation of letters, words and phrases. Through speaking students will identify different register and use the given language in an appropriate way. In addition students will be able to define themselves or others, answer questions in the Present Simple tense, use the prepositions of place, and talk about their daily routines. Through reading students read paragraphs and simple texts to improve their general comprehension of the passages, and answer the given comprehension questions. Through writing, students will be able to compose guided,controlled paragpahps in the Present Simple tense, and recycle the obtained new vocabulary to produce their own sentences.
MODERN TURKISH HISTORY

Course code

TARH100

Credit

0

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
In this course, Ottoman state and society, factors causing the collapse of the state; Ottoman modernization; Tripoli and Balkan Wars, World War I, Mudros Armistice and Sevres Agreement; parties and associations, the national resistance movement led by Mustafa Kemal, the Havza and Amasya Circulars, the Congresses, the National Pact, the Turkish Grand National Assembly; the rebellions, the regular army and the War of Independence; the Mudanya Armistice, the Lausanne Peace Treaty; Revolution in the political field, secularization of the state and society, abolition of the sultanate, declaration of the republic, abolition of the caliphate; 1921 and 1924 constitutions, constitutional changes; Sheikh Said Rebellion; Multi-party experience, secularization and modernization in law, nationalization and secularization in education, Kemalizm and 6 principles, Turkish foreign policy(1923-1938) are covered.
OTTOMAN TURKISH-I

Course code

TDED103

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
This course will introduce the Arab alphabet used in Ottoman Turkish from the 15th Century until the first quarter of the 20th Century and cover letter connections and written sounds. Structural characteristics of words in Turkish, Arabic, and Farsi will be examined along with written vowels in Turkish words with word root suffixes. Infinitive forms of Arabic words and knowledge of existing templates will be covered in addition to pre-conjugations styles in Arabic. Relational styles in Arabic and Farsi will be introduced and compared with the structure and meaning of Turkish propositions. Finally, the writing and structure of Ottoman Turkish is supported with the reading of selected poetic and prosaic texts, translations using the transcription alphabet, and writing with the classic alphabet will be done.
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-I

Course code

TDED105

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
To understand literary science, words, concepts, and methods used in Contemporary Turkish Literature will be covered. The scope, limitations, periods, frequently used methods, and basic poetry terms will be examined. With the Westernization of the Ottoman Era (the Lale Period, Embassies, the French Revolution, the Imperial Edict of Reorganization, the Royal Edict of Reform, Education-Learning Activities, Writers, the Privy Council, Estates, Translations, Newspapers), changes in socio-political life, differences between the classic and contemporary poems, theatre as a new style and its development will be explored. The life, publications, thoughts regarding published, and literary perspectives of first generation reorganization authors like Şinasi, Ziya Pasa, and Namık Kemal will be examined. Namık Kemal, Şemsettin Sami, Mizanci Murat, and Ahmet Mithat Efendi's works will also be analyzed.
LITERATURE KNOWLEDGE AND THEORIES-I

Course code

TDED109

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
The goal of Turkish language and literature education is to teach knowledge and theories from related areas in an applied manner. By knowing basic literary knowledge and theories, this course will cover the art of literature, its relationship with other fields, its functions, literary products, the development of literary styles, the definition of poetry and prose, its characteristics, and types and forms of poetry. Literary concepts, their relationships, comparing factors that determine poetry and prose, and topics and outcomes used in literature are taught. Language-expression problems are determined and corrected. Prosody, literary expression styles and forms will be covered with application. Literary schools will be understood. Students with a detailed, flexible, and in-depth thought skills will gain the necessary knowledge regarding Turkish literature.
TURKISH GRAMMAR-I: PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY

Course code

TDED111

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
This course begins with the basic concepts of Turkish grammar and language analysis are taught via these basic principles. The status of Turkish among world languages, typology and kinship among world languages, main language groups, and sub-branches are examined. Within the language unity where Turkish stands, common sounds, structures, and syntax with other languages are explained with examples. The formation of Turkish, speaking times, sounds according to formation areas, and how these sounds are depicted in written language will be discussed. Sound harmony and changes based on environmental factors will be introduced with examples. Coinage in Turkish, suffix functions in word proccessing, and the relationship between suffix and word root are supported with applications. Methods of coinage, without derivations, are classified according to specified samples.
INTRODUCTION TO CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-I

Course code

TDED113

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
This course aims to help understand other literatures Divan Literature is associated with, like Arap and Farsi classic literature products and names, and their impact and reflections on Divan Literature. Recognize literary arts and provide explanations for texts based on these arts. Understand, interpret these texts, and learn the basic concepts of Divan Literature while determining the metaphorical statements within these texts. Understand Classic Turkish Literature's primary sources and Ottoman prose. To be familiary with journals and biographical collections. Become familiary with the basic features of Ottoman poetry, gain knowledge about the styles of poetry and prose, work with aruz prosody while learning the poetic styles of Classic Turkish Literature and literary arts well, and be able to determine poetic styles in texts.
Second Semester
BASIC COMPUTING

Course code

BILT110

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

2

Ects

4
Basic concepts are related to information technologies, software and hardware, peripherals, software, operating systems in general, using operating system, windows, menus, files, word processing programs, general information about word processor, using word processing software, spreadsheet programs, table general information about the programs, basic concepts and toolbars, preparing and using formulas, using ready functions, sorting data, general information about the presentation program, data presentation, preparing a presentation program, adding new slides, slime, zooming in and out, giving effect to presentation. , slideshow, internet usage in education, what is a virus, what is a worm, what is a Trojan horse, protect the operating system from viruses, passwords, the effects of information technologies on social structure and its place in education, information systems security and related ethics concepts.
ENGLISH-II

Course code

INGL122

Credit

0

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
INGL122 is the continuation of INGL121. The course integrates the four main skills at a higher elementary level for students. Through recessive skills, which are listening and reading, students identify different sound rhythms and practice the pronunciation of letters, words and phrases. Also, by reading higher level paragraphs and texts, students infere the meaning of new words by using their existing vocabulary. Through productive skills, which are speaking and writing, students identify different register and use the given language in an appropriate way. Furthermore, students use the Present Continuous and Past Simple tenses to participate in basic dialogues and daily exchanges, and express themselves effectively. Also, through writing, students produce their own sentences by recycling the obtained new vocabulary in guided, controlled paragraphs they compose.
OTTOMAN TURKISH-II

Course code

TDED104

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
With the standardization of written Ottoman Turkish in the second half of the 15th Century, changes throughout the first quarter of the 20th Century will be examined via texts. Letters, styles of how letters are reflected as sounds will be covered via grammar and connections will be demonstrated. The structure of words and changing meanings in Turkish, Arabic, and Farsi, and information on word structures and conjugations will also be given. Reading and transcription exercises from 19th Century printed Turkish literary texts will be done. Pre-19th Century written text structure, general features of handwritten pieces, and various forms of calligraphy will be introduced and writing exercises will be done. Dictionary and other Ottoman Turkish word sources will be introduced.
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-II

Course code

TDED106

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
New styles and concepts that developed with the Westernization of Turkish Literature, New Turkish Literature sources and its specifics will be examined over societal and socio-cultural structures. Important scholars and works from the second generation Reorganization, and factors leading to the preparation of Wealth of Sciences, and the influence of Western literature on Turkish literature will be examined through literary style, form, and changes in content. Western literary movements and its reflections in Turkish literature will be compared via comparing literary texts. Second generation Reorganization authors Recaî-zâde M. Ekrem and Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan’s ideas, literary personalities, and poems will be examined. Abdülhak Hamit Tarhan, Recaî-zâde M. Ekrem, Muallim Nâci, Sâmî Paşazâde Sezâî and Nabizâde Nâzım’s stories, novels, and theatre's will be analyzed.
LITERATURE KNOWLEDGE AND THEORIES-II

Course code

TDED110

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Literary concepts regarding literature, their relationship with each other, comparing factors determining poetry and prose in terms of methodology, topics and outcomes that are subjects in literature are examined in addition to rhythym concepts and types, syllable and aruz prosody, literary arts and reflectionism, stylism, and structuralism. Within this perspective, the basic characteristics and functions of literature, the basic conceptual framework regarding the birth, general flow, narrations and measures of Turkish literature, Folk Poetry and types, Aruz and Divan Literature, poetic styles and types used in contemporary Turkish poetry, literary arts, literary movements and theories are covered. This course is taught with a holistic approach that incorporates literature knowledge and theories both theoretically and applied.
TURKISH GRAMMAR-II: LEXICOLOGY

Course code

TDED112

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
This course focuses on standard language, word structures, meanings, and main features are grouped within itself. Terms of structure and simple, derivative, and compound words in Turkish are examined. Informaiton on basic meaning, connotations, word meanings, and figurative meanings are given where connections between meaning varieties among word and dictionary are established. The role of meaning changes in term areas are discussed. Based on its use, sub-type boundaries and differences are determined between nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and adverbs. The content of verbs, their meaning and duties in syntax are examined. Crossovers in nouns and verbs in gerundials are explained. The effects of words with duties like prepositions, conjuctions, and exclamations are shown in sentences. Debates regarding transitions between word types are also covered.
INTRODUCTION TO CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-II

Course code

TDED114

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Sources of Classic Turkish Literature, real and cult sciences, kalam, mysticism. To understand Classic Turkish poetry's art anthology. Other literatures associated with Classic Turkish Literature - to comprehend the important name and products of Arap-Farsi classic literature and understand their influence and reflection in literature. To gain knowledge about the literary arts. To recognize the literary arts and associated terms applied in texts such as wrong words, recommended words, tekrir, sihr u helâl, returns, aux, kalb, rucu, tevriye, iham, tezad, ta'riz, tenasüb, leff ü neshr, Fütûvvet-nâme, pend-nâme, belde-nâme, hilyeler, hicret-nâme, seyahat-nâme, gazavat-nâme, sâkî-nâme, sûr-nâme, fal-nâme, kıyafet-nâme, hasbihaller, verayet-nâme. Styles in Classic Turkish Poetry: classic style, sebk-i Hindî, hikemi, and local styles. To understand and interpret the texts. To analyze and engage in applications within the texts.
Third Semester
TURKISH GRAMMER-III: SYNTAX

Course code

TDED201

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Syntax applications are conducted and boundaries are drawn between stereotypical compound words and word groups. Word group formations are shown and classified. Name and adjective noun phrases, the status of these noun phrases, and types are comparatively examined. Verbal and other shortcut groups will also be examined within the course. Using selected works from Turkish literature, word group analyses will be conducted to reinforce gained knowledge. After moving to sentences, differences in meaning and function between word groups are demonstrated. The relationship between nouns and predicates in a sentence and other sentence establishers under the predicate are discussed in terms of function and meaning. Predicate classifications are discussed with meaning, functions, etc. taken into consideration. Differences in sentence analyses and resolutions will be discussed.
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-I

Course code

TDED203

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
The primary characteristics of Classic Turkish literature, the life, literary personlity, and sample works of 13th century poets are covered. To understand the general features of 13th century Turkish Literature and introduce the representatives and their works. To understand pre-Islam Turkish literature and its characterstics, the features and sources of literary works generated in the Turkish world after Islam. The problem of naming this literature. General features of Turkish Literature during the Karahanlı Period: Kutadgu Bilig, Divânu Lugâti't-Türk, Atabetü'l-Hakayık, Dîvân-ı Hikmet. The general characteristics of Turkish Literature during the Ghaznevid and Seljuck Period. The life, literary personality, and poetry samples of 13th century Anatolian Turkish Literaries: Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli, Mevlânâ Celâleddin-i Rûmî, Sultan Veled, Ahmed Fakih, Hoca Dehhânî, ŞeYüzyılad Hamza and Yunus Emre.
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-III

Course code

TDED205

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
With mid-generation artisans, the Wealth of Sciences era is introduced as a leading school in Contemporary Turkish Literature where the community, political environments, historical developments, and societal structures are examined. The "new"-"old" fight, Ekrem-Naci debate, "new" groupings: primary reasons for the organization of the Wealth of Science group, primary features of the era's poetry and the innovations brought to Turkish poetry are discussed. Identifying the poetic staff, their sense of art, and examine classic works with modern methods from Tevfik Fikret, Cenap Şahabettin, and Süleyman Nazif who created important interactions between generations, even after themselves. Explore the development of criticism types towards lead figures using sample texts and overall evaluation of the literary poetics and narrative styles.
WRITTEN EXPRESSION

Course code

TDED215

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
The primary features of written language or written communication will be covered and the focus is on the fundamental differences between written language and spoken language. Within this framework, written and verbal expression, subjective expression, objective expression, paragraph types, text definitions and informatives, literary text types, the internal structure of the text, written expression like free and planned writing, topic, limiting the topic, purpose, perspective, determining main sub-ideas, preparing the writing plan, defining the stages of planned writing on paper, informative texts like petition, letter, news, and ad/advertisements will be examined. Petition, business letter, news, decision, advertisement, minutes, report; Scientific writing, article, anecdote, interview, criticism, daily, memoir, travel writer, biennial, autobiography, letter; literary texts (poetry, novel, story, play, essay); working on examples.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-I

Course code

TDED217

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Explaining folklore and folk literature by examining primary written works in the field, introducing electronic sources, databases and accessing them in the library, understanding the primary theories and methods associated with folklore, examining compilation methods, and analyzing domestic and international important folklorist biographies. Introducing mythology, which is considered the primary source and data of world literature, examining the art and aesthetics of mythology, and conducting research on importance and functions of mythology. Conducting syntax research to determining a cultural literary development line between Ancient Greek, Roman, Middle Eastern, and Turkish mythology. Mythological influences on folklore resources. Comparatively examining the relationship between mythology and epic literature. Covering the importance and status of legends in folklore and examining the syntax via research
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX1

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Fourth Semester
LINGUISTICS

Course code

TDED202

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
This course starts with the introduction of linquistics, content, theoretical framework, and the methodological differences between grammar and this scientific field are explained. Before structural linquistics, the historical process of language analyses is given following Saussure's modern linquistics establishment and primary concepts. In this course types of signs are introduced, where schools after Saussure, who focused on the separation of language and word, and Chomsky's relationship between competence and performance, are emphasized. Methods used in basic areas of linquistics such as phonology and morphology are introduced, phonem and morpheme theories are covered. Segment and suprasegmental phonemes, associated and independent morphemes are explained. Basic applications in semantics are carried out concurrently with Turkish methodology. Using Chomsky's producer-alternate sentence method, classic syntaxes are compared.
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-II

Course code

TDED204

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
To acquire knowledge about 14th century Classic Turkish poets' lives, literary personalities, and examine samples from their work. To understand the general features fo 14th century Turkish Literature and know the era's representatives through selected works. 14th century Turkish Literature: Central Asian Turkish Literature: Rabgûzi, Mahmud Bin Ali, İslâm, Kutub, Harizmî, Seyf-i Sarayî, Hüsam Kâtip. 14th century works written in Eastern Turkish: Azeri area Turkish Literature: Hasanoğlu, Ahmed Bin Veys and Nesîmî. 14th century Anatolian are Turkish Literature, which covers history, cultural life and Anatolia's general overview: Gülşehri, Âşık Paşa, Hoca Mesûd, Şeyhoğlu Mustafa, Eflâkî, Ahmedî, and Kadı Burhaneddin. 14th century Anatolia area masnavis. 14th century Anatolian prosaic works and texts. Text reading and evaluation.
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-IV

Course code

TDED206

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
The Reorganization Era is the beginning of Westernization in our literature where novels and stories are new styles. Modern novel analysis methods are examined. The general tendencies and novelties of the Era are evaluated. Haliz Ziya Uşaklıgil and his works are used to help understand the development and its effects on Turkish stories. Mehmet Rauf and Hüseyin Cahit's literary personalities, their story and novels are analyzed. This Era's works focuses on imitating Western literature but our literature has reached a certain quality and level of originality where methodlogical research is conducted. Western based styles during the Reorganization, Wealth and Sciences, and the Constitutional Monarchy periods are analyzed comparatively. The functions and importance of literature magazines are understood and resource analyses are done.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-II

Course code

TDED218

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Introduction to folk poetry. Research associated with concepts and roots. Emergence of poetry in primitive societies, its function and historical development. The role of religious ceremonies and rituals in the birth of poetry. Common folk poetry types. Concepts and content analysis. Primary features of classic traditional folk poetry in Central Asia, types, important studies on folk poetry, and biographies. Framework of folk poetry in written and visual sources. Applications regarding verse, measure and rhyme. Syllable types, their changes and transformations throughout history. Aruz styles in folk poetry. Examination of folk poetry according to themes and social surroundings. Determination of the chronological development of folk poetry types from Central Asia to Anatolia via sample text analyses. Introduction to minstrel literature. Concept-type-content analyses.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX2

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Fifth Semester
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-V

Course code

TDED301

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
İdeological movements, social and political structures of the 2nd Constitutional Monarchy Period are evaluated. Factors associated with the development of the Fecr-i Ati society (1909-1911) and evaluation of the Fecr-i Ati declaration. Examination of the Fecr-i Ati literary society's understanding of poem and novel via examples. Enlightment of Ahmet Haşim's life, literary personality, the analysis of his poetic texts, and their influence on Turkish poetry. Examination of Fecr-i Ati poets' poetry samples. The transition into a national literature and analyzing literary activities of Mehmet Fuat Köprülü. After the 2nd Constitutional Monarchy Period, works from top poets like Yahya Kemal and Mehmet Akif who left a mark with their understanding of art are compared. Understanding the observable thematic changes and structural novelties in literary types.
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-III

Course code

TDED303

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
15th Century Classic Turkish Literature's general characteristics and the life, literary personality, the works of 15th Century poets are analyzed with sample texts. To understand the general features of 15th Century Turkish Literature and introduce representatives of the period with their works. After learning about 15th Century Classic Turkish Literature, the general features and specific representatives of other Turkish Literature aside from Anatolia are examined. The primary representatives of Cagatay and Azeri literature: Ahmed-i Dâî, Şeyhî, Ahmet Paşa, Necatî Bey, Avni, Sultan Cem, Şehzade Korkut, Adlî, Adnî, Nişancı Mehmet Paşa, Atayî, Cemalî, K. Nizamî, Ümmî Kemal, Eşrefoğlu Rumî, Sarıca Kemal. 15.Yüzyıl Anadolu sahası mesnevi şairleri ve eserleri; Süleyman Çelebi, Mehmed Yazıcıoğlu, Elvân-ı Şirâzî, and Dede Ömer Rûşenî.
MODERN TURKISH LANGUAGES

Course code

TDED307

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
The course will cover Turkish dialects other than Turkey's Turkish and focus on writing Turkish with different alphabets. Ghuzz, Kıpcak, Karluk, and other branches of Turkish dialects will be classified according to linguistic measures. Focus will be on the Ghuzz group and the historical chronology of Azerbaycan Turkish is used where Arab, Kyril, and Latin alphabet based text analyses will be done. This Turkish dialect's phonetic, morphological, and syntactic features are examined. Turkmen and Gagavuz Turkish dialect commonalities and differences will be shown via texts. Studies examining grammar and words in Turkish dialects will be presented. Texts among dialects wll be presented and the problem of false equivalent values will be determined and methodological solutions will be suggested.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-III

Course code

TDED319

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Concepts, principles, and resources of Minstrel Literature are examined. Reasons for preparing Minstrel Literature, its interactions with other literary schools, the general status of non-Anatolian Minstrel Literature, examination of the historical development of this tradition in the Turkic Republics which stemmed from the Azerbaycan example. Socio-cultural conditions, values and institutions that established the Minstrel tradition. The relationship and interaction of this tradition with societal structure and cultural formations. Examination of the rearing of Minstrels according to their social environment. Evaluation of Minstrel Literature in a chronological fashion with general features of the period and the artists biographical analyses. Minstrel traditions and upbringing, apprenticeship, taking on nicknames, music and poetry, Minstrel branches. Minstrel Literature throughout the centuries with examples.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX3

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX4

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Sixth Semester
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-VI

Course code

TDED302

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
In addition to Yahya Kemal and Mehmet Akif, artists like Halide Edip, Yakup Kadri and Refik Halid Karay are examined with selected poems, stories, and novels. During the National Literature Period (1911-1923) reflections of community, societal, political changes, tranformations, and their representation in literature are analyzed in addition to novelists and their novels, thematic and structural changes in novels, and story types associated with the period. Changes/novelties in poetry during the National literature period are examined. Literary activities and journals contributing to the formation of National literature are analyzed. Works from Mehmet Emin Yurdakul, Ahmet Hikmet, and Rıza Tevfik are evaluated. Literary activities and works from Ziya Gokalp are evaluated. Stories from Omer Seyfettin are analyzed. Other poets and authors from National literature are examined
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-IV

Course code

TDED304

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
16th Century Classic Turkish Literature's general characteristics and the life, literary personality, the works of 16th Century poets are analyzed with sample texts. To understand the general features of 15th Century Turkish Literature and introduce representatives of the period and examine their works. To understand the developmental flow of Turkish literature. To become familiar with the main representatives of Cagatay and Azeri literature. Examine Fuzuli's life, art, and work with sample texts. 16th Century masnavi's and their works. Know 16th Century prosaic works (biographies, etc.). Examine the primary biographies written in the 16th Century. Analyze the life, literary personality, and poetics samples of 16th Century Ottoman Turkish Literature representatives: Zâtî, Hayâlî, Bâkî, Nev'î, Bağdatlı Rûhî, Lamiî, and Kemalpaşa-zâde. Evaluate 16th Century prosaic works.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-IV

Course code

TDED320

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Studies focus on basic knowledge and terms of Dervish literature. The interpretation of Sufism among the folk and its reflections in Sufism. The institutionalization of Sufism and the first representatives during the transition from Central Asia to Anatolia. Measure and rhyme, style, common expression templates, and the use of meaning and rhetoric in this school of poetry. Examination of the role of local language using poetry examples. Chronological analysis of Religious Sufi Folk Literature classified by themes. The function of Religious Sufi Folk Literature in establishing a community structure and a biographical analyses of the centuries. Key names from Ahmet Yesevi to Yunus Emre in Anatolian Religious Sufi Folk Literature are examined along the developmental line. Classification by subjects and by types are done.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX5

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX6

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Seventh Semester
COMMUNITY SERVICE PRACTICES

Course code

SOSH100

Credit

2

Theoretical

1

Practical

2

Ects

3
COMMUNITY SERVICE PRACTICES
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-VII

Course code

TDED401

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Examination of the changes in the social and political structure during the Republic Period and its reflections in literature. The theoretical aspects of poetica set forth within Turkish poetry history is taught and applied poetry analyses are done. Determining the main lines of Turkish poetry during the Republic Period. Providing information on key artists of this period. Poetic societies, poets emerging from societal changes and transformations, themes in poems, structural changes in poems, other developments and the sociology of poetic literature from 1923 till today is examined. The modern text analysis methods used by 20th Century and current Turkish poetry representatives and the change Turkish poetry has gone through and a comparative approach on the different types of current literature will be covered.
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-V

Course code

TDED403

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
General features and representatives of 17th Century literature with selected works. Understanding poetic geography of Divan poetry. Determine Sebk-i Hindî and hikemî styles using text examples. Evaluate how styles contributed to text formations. Characteristics of 17th Century Ottoman Turkish literature. Styles affecting 17th Century Ottoman Turkish poetry, features of Sebk-i Hindî ve hikemî poetry and its representatives. The life, literary personalities, works, and sample texts from Nef'î, Şeyhülislâm Yahya, Nâ'ili-i Kadim, Neşâtî, Fehim-i Kadim, Cevrî, İsmetî, Nedim-i Kadîm, and Azmizâde Hâleti. Determining Sebk-i Hindî characteristics in poetry. The life, literary personalities, works, and poetry examples from Nâbî and Bosnalı Sâbit. Determining Hikemî style in poems. 17th Century Ottoman masnavis, works and masnavis by Nev'izâde Atâyî and Ganizâde Nâdiri. Evaluations of 17th Century prosaic works.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-V

Course code

TDED417

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Examining Turkish Folk Literature narratives from a different perspective with conceptual and varietal terminology. Analyze narrative styles on bibliographic indexes on both written and visual sources. The general structure of poetic religious legends and its effects on literary works generated after the transition period. The formation of single centered legends, the developmental process, and their functions in Turkish folk literature narratives. Text and linquistic analyses on Battalnâme, Hamzanâme, Saltuknâme and Danişmendnâme, their importance within Turkish folk literature narratives, and establishing the connection between later formed types. The impact of Dede Korkut stories on Turkish folk literature narratives. Copies of these narratives and examination of these copies. Determining the place of Dede Korkut narratives in Turkish folk culture and the Turkish culture in general.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX7

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE

Course code

UNISXX1

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

3
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE
Eighth Semester
CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE-VIII

Course code

TDED402

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Examination of novel and story authors of the Republic period and the structural and thematic processes of our stories. Determining the developmental lines of Turkish novel and stories of the Republic period. Text analysis of the develeopmental process of Turkish novel and stories since 1923 until today. Themes covered in novels, structural changes, and the literary personalities of these developments (Yakup Kadri, Halide Edip, Reşat Nuri, Peyami Safa, Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Adalet Ağaoğlu, Sabahattin İsmail, Yaşar Kemal, Orhan Kemal, Tağrık Buğra, Kemal Tahir, Oğuz Atay, Yusuf Atılgan, Orhan Pamuk, Tahsin Yücel, Leyla Erbil vd.) are analyzed along their works. Social and political issues of this period in Turkish novels are evaluated. Changes and developments in Turkish stories during the Repuplic period are analyzed.
CLASSIC TURKISH LITERATURE-VI

Course code

TDED404

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
18th Century Turkish literature's general characteristics, the period's representatives are introduced with selected works. Historical development of Turkish literature during the 18th-19th Century. Gain knowledge on social and literary formation until the 19th Century. General look at 18th Century historical, social, and literary formations. General characteristics of 18th Century Central Asia Turkish Literature and 18th Century Ottoman Turkish literature and evaluation of its reflections on literary texts. Introduction of the life, literary personalities, and works of Nedîm, Koca Râgıp Paşa, Kâmî, Seyyid Vehbî, Sünbülzâde Vehbî and Fıtnat Hanım and Şeyh Galip. Detecting reflections of the period in poetry. 18th Century masnavi's, evaluations on Hüsn ü Aşk. A general look at the 19th Century and Encümen-i Şu'ârâ.
RESEARCH METHODS FOR LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

Course code

TDED408

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Basic research and analysis methods used in the field and sub-branches. Historical-geographical method, linguistic text analyses. Comparative evaluation of sources and academic studies. Examine research methods. Evaluate literature using different methodologies. Understand the stages of research in Turkish language and literature. Differentiate between quantitative and qualitative sources in Turkish language and literature. Conduct field work, compile, and publish texts. Evaluate the discovery, publication process, and debates of historical texts in Turkish language and literature. Recognize language teaching approaches and critique the methods recommended for language teaching and provide recommendations. Acquire general information on research and apply them to literature classes, especially engage in biography and autobiographical analyses.
TURKISH FOLK LITERATURE-VI

Course code

TDED418

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

5
Literature studies in periodicals and manuals on folklore sources. Determination of the development and system of folklore in the historical process by explaining the concepts of folk and folklore. An examination of folkloric formations, common cultural values ​​and their spreading-transformation processes in the universal framework during the periods when individuals did not begin. Transmission of opinions about the history and function of folklore from domestic and foreign sources. Investigation of folklore methods from historical, geographical, sociological and psychological viewpoints. The historical development of Turkish Folklore, the completion of biographical and documentary researches of contributions of foreign folklore in the first studies to Turkish Folklore. Practice of contemporary theories of folklore. Theoretical and practical studies on the qualifications, methods and conditions of the compilation. Experimental applications on technical and subjective problems of field compilation. A comparative study of the folklore staff from the beginning to the present day.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

TDEDXX8

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE

Course code

UNISXX2

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4

Optional modules

CLASSIC ANATOLIAN TURKISH

Course code

TDED209

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

6
13th century Ghuzz Turks established and developed what is known as today's Turkish based on their own dialect. The developmental process of Classic Anatolian Turkish is covered. Sources of Ghuzz dialects, 13 centuries ago, are examined and connected with other historical Turkish dialectic resources. The unique phonetic and mophological features of this written language is divided into individual periods of the Seljuck, Beyliks, and the Transition to Ottoman Turkish. Key features of historical text transmission are taught, which starts with printed texts in the form of essays. Hand written works are analyzed and transcribed. Selected works from Dede Korkut, Süheyl ü Nevbahar, and Yusuf u Zeliha, which reflect the linguistic characteristics of the era, are analyzed and evaluated using field resources.
MODERN TURKISH LITERATURE-POETRY

Course code

TDED213

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Since 1950, the developments of Modern Turkish Literature are set forth in theory and practice. The overall function and status of poetry in Turkish Literature will be analyzed. Various poetic societies that have surfaced since the 1950's and their representatives and literary products will be examined. Schools of poetry and how they impact the development of modern poetry and their functions wll be analyzed with supporting texts. Poetic roots and the functions of classic poetry on modern poetry will be compared. Analyses will be conducted with universal sources and evaluations will be conducted using main literary examples from the Republic era. All academic works done will be introduced, critiqued, and evaluated. Methods examining poetry types, linguistic methods and modern examination techniques will be taught.
MODERN TURKISH LITERATURE-PROSE

Course code

TDED210

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

6
Information on the historical development of prose and primary resources are given. Works from the past to the present as prose are examined. Primary features of novel and story telling are well understood. Developments in Turkish novel and story from 1950 to today are covered. Plain written works in Contemporary Turkish Literature and academic analyses on these works, in addition to a literature review will be done. The observed thematic and structural developments in these works will be evaluated via texts. The developement of literary communities literary activities are analyzed. The aesthetic structure of texts will be analyzed using sample texts. The life, literary personality of era artists will be taught in addition analyzsing the syntax of the plain written works produced by these artists.
FOLKLORE

Course code

TDED214

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Periodicals and handbooks as literary works will be used as folklore sources. The concepts of folk and folklore are explained with their historical process and the development and systematics of folklore are determined. During periods where individualism did not start, the development of universal folklore, mutual cutlural data, and the change-exchange processes amongst them will be analyzed. The history of folklore and its function will be transmitted from both domestic and international sources. Folklore methodology history, geographical, sociological, and psychological perspectives will be examined. The historical development line of Turkish folklore, the contributions of the first works of foreign folklorists to Turkish folklore in the form of completed biographical and documentary research will be analyzed.
HISTORY OF THE TURKISH CULTURE

Course code

TDED312

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

This course aims to examine the place and importance of Turkish culture among world cultures and with a historical perspective, it will examine the changes and developments the Turkish culture has gone through. Within this framework, concepts focusing on culture and civilization will be examined. Then factors associated with the formation of the Turkish culture will be analyzed from a historical perspective. Differences between culture and civilization and approaches examining this differences will be followed by factors creating the Turkish culture with focus on language, writing, science, dress, art, religion, and other culture spreading tools. The course aims to examine cultural developments within the Turkish historical framwork from both an analytical and historical perspective.
HISTORICAL TURKISH DIALECTS

Course code

TDED411

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Historical Turkish dialect formation conditions and developmental stages are examined and the writing, sounds, structure, and meaning of Karahanlı Turkish is examined. General characteristics of the transition are reflected in Kutadgu Bilig, Atabetü’l-Hakayık and Divanu Lugati’t-Turk. Language specifics are analyzed with selected texts. Findings from analyses are compared with Kokturkish and Uigur, which aided in the writing process of Karahanlı Turkish. The role of this written language in the transmission of Harezm and Cagatay dialects, which emerged after Karahanlı Turkish, are set forth. When Western Turkish was the writing language, which aspects of Eastern Turkish served as a source for written and language characteristics are researched and issues of mixed language works are discussed. Translations changes in Turkish words and today's word existence are evaluated.
WORLD LITERATURE

Course code

TDED416

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

The basic era features, types, artists, and literary works of Classic Greek and Latin literature, which form that basis of World literature, are examined. Eastern literature period features, types, artists, and literary works. Literary movements and general characteristics. As a starting point, French Literature's period features, types, artists, and literary works. British Literature, Russian Literature, American Literature, German Literature, Greek Literature, Italian Literature, and Spanish Literature periods, literary types, primary representatives, and works. Sample texts are read. Chronological and type analyses are conducted. Analyze the foundations of the literary movements the texts were written in. In addition to those covered in class, important American, Asian, African, etc., literary works and artists are examined. Selected examples from modern world literature are researched.
HISTORY OF THOUGHT

Course code

TDED315

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

This course examines stages of historical developmental of thought from a wide perspective. Anciet, Middle, New, and Modern Age thought systems and thoughts set forth by philosophers from these ages will be evaluated from this perspective. Specific concepts used in debate from the Anciet Period and its philosophers are the starting point and then moves into a more special aspect of the Middle, New, Modern, and further ages for discussion. City states, socio-economic and cultural transformations leading to the restructuring of the state, democracy, slavery, law and law supremacy, which surfaced during this transformation, are examined in detail. In addition, thought systems and its roots that set the foundation of modern Turkey will also be analyzed.
TURKISH TEACHING METHODS

Course code

TDED413

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

0
The course will introduce traditional language teaching models, the grammar method, word method, translation method, and cultural transmission and historical methods no longer used today will be examined. Traditional grammar sources associated with Turkish teaching approaches are discussed. Problems in Turkish teaching are discussed according to the behaviorist approach, problems with the cognitive model are shown. Basic principles in constructivist language teaching, the role of teacher and student according to this approach, and teaching Turkish as a native language and second language using the constructivist approach will be set forth with applications. According to the European Mutual Language Framework, language learning degrees and outcomes from each degree will be listed. Solutions to unresolved issues in language teaching using the constructivist approach will be discussed.
OSMANLICA METİN İNCELEMELERİ

Course code

TDED211

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Written characterstics and grammatical structures of Arabic and Farsi are covered. Applications related to the topic include examining sample texts and understanding them. The structure of Arabic words, fundamental and ascetic letters, the rhythym of Arabic words, Arabic number names, and various infinitives will be taught. The structure of Farsi words, Farsi numbers, Farsi derivative names, Farsi derivative prefix and suffixes, Farsi compound adjectives, Farasi adverb groups, and Farsi structural noun phrases will also be taught. Analyses will be done using hand written texts. Ottoman writing styles including Divan, letters and other sources will be used for analysis. Arabic, Farsi, and Turkish words will be sought out in these texts.
AESTHETICS

Course code

TDED317

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
This class covers the science of beauty and examines judgement processes regarding recognition where conceptual aspectes of aesthetics are analyzed. Since aesthetics is the science of beauty and the philosophy of arts, the socio-cultural structures of eras and societies have set forth the development of thought and application reflected in various artistic branches. In the development of aesthetic feelings, the function of literary works and its contributions are set forth methodologically. By applying aesthetic theories, the development of art and its connections with literary works are examined. Focusing on the relational benefits of art, information, reality, magic-religion, and lower/upper structure issues will be historically examined. Aesthetic theories in World and Turkish literature are also analyzed. Differences and connections between art theories and aesthetic mentalities are examined.
CYPRUS TURKISH LITERATURE

Course code

TDED412

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

0
Provide information on Cyprus Turkish literature's basic concepts and its formation. Reflections of the social and political events on literature. Periods of Cyprus Turkish Literature. Thematic and structural developments in poetry, novel, story, theatre, memoir, essay, and travel writings according to periods are evaluated. Anonymous folk literature products, classic Cyprus Turkish poetry, Contemporary Cyprus Turkish poetry's main tendencies, key figures and their works will be compared with Turkish literature. Factors influencing prose development in Cyprus Turkish Literature, introduction of key authors and works. Sample texts are analyzed. Cyprus Turkish press activities, the role of newspaper and magazine in the development of literature are examined in addition to research conducted on sources.
HISTORY OF THE TURKISH LANGUAGE

Course code

TDED222

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

The class starts with the first source of written Turkish language, Gokturkish, and covers the development of written language of today. Various language data sources, based on the pre-Gokturk period are used, and the historical development of the Runic alphabet and older Turkish texts written with older written systems. The general content of Kultegin, Bilge Khan, and Tonyukuk epigraphs are introduced and text readings are done. The course continues with literary types from Uyghur Turks and the changes in language are examined. The changes in alphabet in Karahan and Harezm and its influence on modern dialects are detected via text analysis. Primary sources of Cagatay are introduced along with an introduction to research history where structural differences between Eastern and Western Turkish will be debated.
THEATRE-DRAMAZATION

Course code

TDED313

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

3
POETRY SCIENCE

Course code

TDED316

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

This course uses a different perspective and method for analysis. Within this perspective, analysis methods focuses on a scientific perspective with universal formations and examples. When structural aspects of poetic analysis are done and within this context when poetic relations, structural linguistics, and semiotics are analyzed referential meaning, connotations, distant associations, opposing concepts, metaphrases, distortions in poetic language, uncommon projections, and the sequential and discourse structures will be covered in addition to the socio-cultural implications related to presentation and permanence are taken into consideration and discussed in class. Also, the historical development of liricism will be set forth via national and international poetry analyses.
ART THEORIES

Course code

TDED414

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Due to different perspectives that develop during the historical development in art evaluation, very different evaluation principles can be organized; therefore, examples are examined under titles of projective, expressive, structuralist, functionalist, and institutional. By viewing art as theory and application, it is intended to train critics and art theorists according to an interdisciplinary education model that recognizes associated problems in art application. In addition to train the necessary theorist and critic of art and associated areas, gaining the habit of evaluating literary works in terms of aesthetics, art theory, and methodology. In addition to the general line of art theories in Europe, Turkish art developmental stages are determined and within the Westernization framework, stages of Turkish art is evaluated with examples.
MYTOLOGY

Course code

TDED415

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
OTTOMAN SOCIAL LIFE AND LITERATURE

Course code

TDED220

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Social life in the Ottoman and the institutions created by the state to shape social life will be discussed in the course with a historical perspective, and it will be tried to shed light on cultural life. In this context, the Ottoman state organization and palace structure, various institutions, trade groups will be discussed in the course. In order to discuss all aspects of social life in the Ottoman, the researches and studies on the subject will be introduced and the students will be guided to the primary sources about the literature and critical thinking skills will be gained about the history of culture.
COMPERATIVE LITERATURE

Course code

TDED310

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Focusing on the common themes in literary traditions that established East and Western countries' literature and compare these traditions by period and literary styles. To gain the ability to make comparisons across literatures. Show students the exchange in culture and literature across countries. Compare interactions and changes in Eastern and Western countries' literature. To determine nation and country images via texts. To see how nation and country images are shaped between the cultures and find common values among world cultures. Presenting the historical, sociological, and cultural contexts to gain depth for literary texts. In addition to literature knowledge, to provide literature pleasure and culture in a global context. To teach methods to examine, critique literature, and present comparative literature examples from the West and us.
CURRENT PROBLEMS OF TURKISH

Course code

TDED410

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
The class will start with problems associated with writing in Turkish, teaching foreigners Turkish, and issues of teaching Turkish as a native language are discussed. Which regulatory mechanisms, that should be active where mass communication takes place like radio and TV, should regulate the proper and effective use of Turkish is discussed. Dictionary writing, problems associated with Turkish dictionaries and writing Turkish words are shown, analytical solutions to overcome these problems are sought out. Difficulties prior to higher education in Turkish teaching are observed, grammar sources prepared as course books are analyzed and topics like term selection are discussed. Area dialects aside from standard language are examined, its relationship, and mutual interactions are researched. Local dialects and foreign word combinations in response generation are analyzed.
CHILDREN'S LITERATURE

Course code

TDED407

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

Introducing the development of Children's Literature in the world and Turkey and discuss how quality Children's Literature should be. Sources of Children's Literature. Style and content by age groups and how the appropriate book should be chosen and effectively used in education is explained. From early ages on, evaluating the effect of reading habits stemming from Children's Literature. Choosing works and selection criteria according to children's levels. Evaluation of Children's Literature products. Literary styles used in Children's Literature and their characteristics. The use of Folk Literature in Children's Literature, fairy tales, legends, nursery rhymes, etc. are examined and analyzed. Characteristics of children and teen theatre. Features that need to be in children's newspapers and magazines. Preparation of a children's magazine.
NEW METHODS IN TEACHING TURKISH

Course code

TREG425

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

SCIENTIFIC METHOD AND CRITICAL THINKING

Course code

FELS220

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

OLD TURKISH LITERATURE BIOGRAPHY WRITING

Course code

TDED318

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
This authorship, which was shaped by a classical tradition, gives higly valuable information fort he research of this period’s work interms of the neighbourhood of the author, his sources and his period. In this lesson, the authorship of the biography writing in classical tradition will be studied in terms of its development process in the Turkish Literature – It will enable students to interpret a text in terms of the environment in which the text was written, literary neighbourhood and other factors that surround a text through the chosen collection of the biographies from several periods by using the new approaches. On the other side, the ability of comparing biography authorship with classical and modern approaches will be improved.
Text Analysis in Old Turkish Literature

Course code

TDED311

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
In this course, the ability of students to understand and evaluate the poetry texts of the ancient Turkish Literature between the 16th and 19th centuries and compering the relation between the work of the period with the Works of the other periods is improved. Style and context of poetical and prosaic Works are learned. By understanding the relation of the ancient Turkish Literature period Works with the Works of the other periods, the historical process of the text (changes and transformations is known). Students became aware of the change of the style. They gain the ability of the understanding, explaining and interpreting the ancient Turkish poetry by analyzing the sample poems. In this course, specialty of the style and context of the texts from the ancient Turkish Literature is understand by studyingt and analyzing the texts. Evaluation of the style by analyzing the texts of the period is done. The relation between the ancient Turkish poetry and Arabian and Persian Literatures is studies through the applied courses.
HISTORY OF MODERN CYPRUS

Course code

TARH220

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
The aim of this course is to help students develop skills to examine the recent past of Cyprus from a historical perspective since the Ottoman conquest, and know more the island. The formation of Muslim community, Orthodox Christians and other people of Cyprus: Armenians, Maronites, Jewish and the others, Orthodox Church; Ottoman Modernization: local advisory councils, the advent of Telegram, Nicosia Rüştiye (first modern secondary school); Quarantine, soldiering; British colonial rule and administrative institutions; cultural, social and economic transformation; The rise of Greek nationalism, Enosis, Turkish Cypriot nationalism; de-colonization and foundation of Republic of Cyprus, intercommunal conflicts, the foundation of TRNC, Cyprus Question, Intercommunal talks, Annan Plan and Referanda, are the main content of the course.

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