Faculty of Pharmacy

Pharmacy (MPharm)

Duration 5 Years
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About the Program

Cyprus International University (CIU) Faculty of Pharmacy graduates acquire the title of ‘pharmacist’. The faculty is settled in an innovative Science and Technology Center building equipped with the newest high-tech devices in laboratories giving importance to both theoretical knowledge and practical skills. With its qualified academic staff, the Faculty of Pharmacy offers English-language lectures, and the graduating pharmacists follow scientific developments with professional ethics using a universal perspective.

Educational Opportunities

CIU Faculty of Pharmacy, theoretical and practical courses are held in the classrooms and laboratories equipped with state-of-the-art equipment in the Science and Technology Center building. Dual-degree agreement was signed between the Faculty of Pharmacy and the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy in 2017-2018 academic year. According to this agreement, pharmacy students are allowed to study their first three years at CIU and complete the last two years at the University of Rome Tor Vergata in Italy. The medium of instruction in Faculty of Pharmacy is English. This allows graduates to have an international perspective, and have the opportunity to work all over the world as a pharmacist. Scientific developments are closely followed throughout ongoing education and in this light graduate pharmacists will give priority to the health of patients and will be following the ethical values of pharmacy and the developments in science throughout their professional lives.

UKÜ Eczacılık Fakültesi

Accreditations and memberships

The faculty is a member of different organizations in both academic and social fields such as the European Pharmaceutical Students Association under the name of CIUPSA. The faculty’s pioneering national and international reputation has been crowned with obtaining accreditation from the Pharmacy Council of Nigeria. MPharm program’s international quality assurance standards were also evaluated by the Accreditation Agency in Health and Social Sciences (AHPGS), on 30th June 2022, and accredited. 

Career Areas

Faculty of Pharmacy graduates play a wide role in health sector. They may work in related departments of health ministries, pharmacies, hospitals and medicine industry. They may also work in R&D laboratories, quality control departments and cosmetics industry. Those who would like to pursue their career in academics, can specialize in the field by doing masters and doctorates.

Contact

Faculty of Pharmacy
Science and Technology Center, ST252
Tel: +90 392 671 1111 Extension: 2651
Faculty E-mail: secretary-phm@ciu.edu.tr
Dean: Prof. Dr. Mustafa Aslan
Dean E-mail: maslan@ciu.edu.tr

Compulsory modules

First Semester
MEDICAL BIOLOGY

Course code

BIOL120

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
Medical biology course introduces student to principals and modern concepts of biology. Animal biology topics are covered. The main focus of the course is on cell and molecular biology which is essential to understand medical conditions. The main topics are scientific methodology, scientific research and assays, universal features of cells, internal organisation of the cell, membrane structure, cellular compartments, DNA, RNA and chromosome structure and function, genome, genetic diversity of genomes, DNA replication, repair and recombination, how cells read the genome, transcription and translation, control of gene expression, the mechanism of cell division are covered. Mendel genetics and applications are also presented besides molecular bases of modern genetics. Transmission genetics, heredity and mutations are presented with gene expression and control.
GENERAL CHEMISTRY

Course code

CHEM110

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

2

Ects

6
In this course, Enginnering and Pharmacy Faculty students will learn types of matter, measurements, properties of substanes; atoms and atomic theory, components of the atom, introduction to the periodic table, molecules and ions, formulas of ionic compounds, names of ionic compounds; atomic masses, the mole, mass relations in chemical formulas, mass relations in reactions; measurements on gases, the ideal gas law, gas law calculations, stoichiometry of gaseous reactions, gas mixtures: Partial pressures and atomic spectra, the hydrogen atom, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals; shape and sizes; electron configurations in atoms, orbital diagrams of atoms; polarity of molecules; principles of heat flow, measurements of heat flow, calorimetry, enthalpy, thermo-chemical equations, enthalpies of formation, the first law of thermodynamics, liquids and solids.
READING AND WRITING SKILLS-I

Course code

ENGL141

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

2

Ects

4
This course aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading - writing and study skills. The course provides students with the opportunity to develop their communication skills through controlled activities and to equip students with the basic study skills necessary to follow the curriculum of English. This course also provides students with the opportunity to process the newly acquired knowledge and to develop their ability to ask questions about how to apply the new knowledge to new situations and ask them to think critically. In addition, this course will enable students to learn about the different strategies required to review the various reading pieces, such as finding the main idea and distinguishing the details from the main idea.
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS

Course code

ITEC110

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

2

Ects

4
The aim of this course is to give the students an understanding of the fundamentals of computers such as the basic components of the computers, input, output, storage devices and processing as well as application and system software, utility programs and internet basics. At the end of this course students will be familiar with the computer terminology and able to use the word processing and spreadsheet programs as well as efficient internet usage. General presentation of computer technologies, Windows operating system and applications in the Microsoft Office packageWord, Excel, Access and Power Point , softwares used in pharmacies, drawing for academic purposes and web-based method of screening of literature are also covered.
BASIC MATHEMATICS

Course code

MATH107

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

3
This course is designed for students of several faculties such as pharmacy, architecture, applied sciences and communication. The objective of the course is to introduce the students to fundamental principles about basic concepts of mathematics. It gives an introduction to the real number system followed with inequalities, solution of inequalities and its applications, which related to students' departments. Rectangular coordinate systems, Phytagorean Theorem, finding distance between two points, slope and Mid-Point on XY plane are also covered in this course. Functions such as type of functions, domain and range considerations, and graphical representation of the functions are important topics which are also discussed in this course.
INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACY

Course code

PHAR105

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. It is a health profession that aims to ensure the safe and effective use of drugs. Pharmacists are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize use of medication for the benefit of the patients. The contents of the Introduction to Pharmacy Course are: Definitions of pharmacy and pharmacists and their functions in health profession team, working and carrier area of pharmacists, Community Pharmacy, Hospital Pharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy, Industrial Pharmacy, important pharmaceutical terms, primary national and international Health Organizations, primary subjects in the courses of Pharmaceutical Technology, in Biopharmacy, in Pharmacology, in Medicinal chemistry, in Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, in Pharmacy History, in Deontology.
PHYSICS

Course code

PHYS107

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

3
The aim of the course is to provide the basic information in order to help the students to understand the possible complicated problems in pharmacy. In this regard the basic principles and methods of solving the problems in physics are thought. The course provides a basic grounding in elementary physics including mechanics, electricity, optics, surface physics and thermodynamics. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation, the conservation laws of momentum and energy and collisions. The electric field, circuits, capacitors, electric potential and magnetic field are covered. Also reflection and refraction are considered. Surface tension and viscosity are thought in detail. Finally, basics of thermodynamics are given.
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

Course code

PSYC107

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
This course will serve as an overview of the field of psychology and introduce to you the theories, methods, concepts, principles and issues in the study of human behavior. Students are expected to develop competency and understanding of basic psychology such as scientific methods in psychology, biological psychology, sensation, perception, nature, nurture & human development, memory cognition and language, intelligence, consciousness, emotions, stress and health. The interaction between body and behavior, behavioral disorders, human development are also covered.
TURKISH I:WRITING COMMUNICATION

Course code

TREG113

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Definition and characteristics of language; the place of Turkish among other worldly languages; historical development, correct usage, structure and grammar rules of Turkish language. Definition of language. Language, thinking and emotion relationships. Language-culture relationship: Components and its specifications which constitute the culture. Changes in the culture. Language and society relationship.Languages of the World. The place of the Turkish language among World languages. Development of the Turkish language and its historical periods.Turkish dialects and accents. Verbal language and written language. The present situation of Turkish language its scope. An applied study on a text of any Turkish dialect or a comparative work on the texts of dialects.
TURKISH LANGUAGE-I

Course code

TURK101

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
This course provides orientation to modern Turkish language for foreign students who wish to communicate in this language for their needs. It mainly focuses on the differences between Turkish and English Alphabets, especially the sounds and letters which are not included in the English alphabet (i.e. Turkish ones ç-ğ-i-ö-ş-ü). Also basic grammar and sentence structure forms in Turkish are practiced. The required grammar and vocabulary will be developed through exercising daily situations in contexts such as introducing themselves, greeting, talking about the things they possess by using possessive adjectives, forming positive, negative and questions sentences by using present simple, telling the time, talking about their own timetables, using demonstrative pronouns when describing the place of objects and becoming familiar with vocabulary related to family members.
Second Semester
ANATOMY -PHYSIOLOGY-I

Course code

ANAT110

Credit

4

Theoretical

4

Practical

0

Ects

6
In Anatomy and Physiology I lecture, students will be introduced to a comparison between anatomy and physiology; functional organization of human body; terminology used in these two sciences and an insight into the important concept in physiology called homeostasis. This is followed by the cellular and chemical organization of an organism. Histology of different types of tissues; epithelial, connective, bone and muscle tissues are also studied, with histological methods and microscopy used to investigate tissues. In addition to these introductive topics, students are informed on anatomy and physiology of organ systems, namely musculoskeletal system; nervous system; and cardiovascular system. The course will also provide information on the physiology of blood; coagulation disorders and anaemia, Pathology of diseases relative to organ systems studied will be discussed.
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I

Course code

CHEM102

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
General concepts in analytical chemistry will be presented. Chemistry of aqueous solution, dilution of solutions, molar concentration, the principle of equilibrium, mole fraction, factors affecting the state of equilibrium, weakly soluble salts, selective precipitation, equilibrium of weakly soluble salts, ionization of weak electrolytes and influence of common ions and electrolytes presenting in the medium on the solubility, acids and bases, calculating the ph and the pOH values for weak/strong acids and bases, buffer solutions, buffer capacity. Gravimetric and titrimetric methods including acid base neutralization titrations, oxidation and reduction titrations, precipitation titrations and the complexometry concept and complexometric titrations will be cover in this course.
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Course code

CHEM104

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
This course is designed for faculty of engineering and pharmacy students. At the end of the course the learner is expected to be able to name organic compounds, predict basic structure reactivity relationships, design simple syntheses of basic classes of organic compounds, describe some organic reaction mechanisms and have some insight to the principles of stereochemistry. The objective of the course is to introduce basic reaction types, reaction mechanisms of functional groups, of organic compounds like alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, benzene and aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, epoxides, thiols, the carbonyl groups, aldehydes, and ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, amines.
READING AND WRITING SKILLS-II

Course code

ENGL142

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

2

Ects

4
This course is the continuation of ENG 101. The course aims to improve students' listening, speaking, reading, writing and working skills. In the course, students are guided in writing compare and contrast essays using Venn diagram. In addition, the aim of the course is to learn the necessary conjunctions for composition writing. In addition, the students will be able to write a four-part critical composition by learning the difference between ideas and factual real sentences and how to write the opposing opinion and sentences used to refute it. Thus, the students will be able to distinguish between the compare and contrast essay and discursive essay. Students will also be able to make presentations by using presentation techniques. In addition, this course aims to summarize the reading pieces of the students and to use the strategies of reading and to draw conclusions and meanings using their reading skills.
HISTOLOGY

Course code

HSTG118

Credit

1

Theoretical

1

Practical

0

Ects

2
Histology is an informative course about microscopic study of body tissues and the tissue organization of organs in relation to their function. This course will provide students with the capacity to identify the microscopic appearance of normal structures in the human body and relate structure to function.The histology component covers the structure and function of cells at the microscopic level as well as tissues and organs of significance in the laboratory diagnosis of diseases. Major topic areas include basic tissue types as well as more specific systems including cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, immune, urinary, endocrine and reproductive systems. Connective tissue, epithelial tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue is covered in detail in this course.
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Course code

PHAR116

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The course Pharmaceutical and Medical Terminology will teach terms commonly used in pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences, medicine and medical areas and pharmaceutical literature by word structure construction, identification of functions and conditions associated with prefixes, suffixes, root words in a systems based approach. Singular and plural forms of the medical and pharmaceutical terms are also widely described and practiced under the coverage of this course. Terminology of systems included body structure and organization, integumentary system, musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, urinary and reproductive systems, digestive, blood, endocrine and lymphatic systems. The antique history of the medicinal terms and their development are also mentione in this course.
BIOSTATISTICS

Course code

STAT110

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
The main topics of this course are basic statistical definitions, definitions of population and sample, types of data, descriptive statistics, and classification of data. Then, discussing the measures of central tendency such as calculating mean, median and determining mode; and measures of dispersion such as calculating range, variance and standard deviation. In addition to these, students are able to work on frequency tables, data visualization by graphics, probability distributions, some well-known discrete and continuous probability distributions such as normal, binomial and Poisson distributions. Finally, statistical tests for checking normality, the main idea of sampling, sampling distributions and sampling distribution of mean and confidence intervals will be covered in this course.
TURKISH II:ORAL COMMUNICATION

Course code

TREG114

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
The main aim of this course is to provide the students with the knowledge of communication; understanding, listening, self-expression, understanding speech and communication through body language. Basic features of oral language and verbal communication, basic principles of good speech; The basic features of a good speaker such as the preparation of the necessary information in the social life after the preparation of the unprepared and prepared speech, the transfer of ideas towards the other side of the information will be given to students with practical studies. Studies on speech samples and oral expression practices will be done. At the end of the course, students will be able to manage communication conflicts as well as to demonstrate interpersonal communication skills in group discussions.
TURKISH LANGUAGE-II

Course code

TURK102

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
This course provides orientation to modern Turkish language for foreign students who wish to communicate in this language for their needs. It mainly focuses on basic grammar and sentence structure forms in Turkish. The course aims to develop the ability to use Turkish in shopping, travelling and other daily needs. The required grammar and vocabulary will be developed through exercising everyday situations in various contexts. In the course students will learn how to express themselves in present or past using Present Simple and Past Simple tenses. Moreover students will be able to talk about the abilities and use some basic prepositions. The vocabulary part of the course involves professions, numbers, months, seasons, school subjects and other basic everyday vocabulary.
Third Semester
ANATOMY- PHYSIOLOGY-II

Course code

ANAT120

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

5
This lecture is a continuation of Anatomy and Physiology I, starting with anatomy and physiology of lymphatic system. Students will learn anatomical features of respiratory system and physiology of respiration. Anatomy of gastrointestinal system will be studied and information on physiology of digestion will be given. The anatomy and physiology of endocrine system organs will be learnt and action of hormones on different organs will be studied. Renal system organs will be studied in terms of anatomy and physiology. Female and male genital systems, sensory organs, hearing and balance disorders, visual impairments, skin disorders, important infectious diseases and neoplasias will be also studied. Pathology of diseases relative to organ systems studied in the lecture will be discussed.
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II

Course code

CHEM201

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
Classification of analytical methods, instrumental methods and samples, selection of analytical method, accuracy, precision, variation range, the concepts of selectivity, confidence interval, probability level problems will be explained. Besides, introduction to separation methods, extraction and extraction problems, introduction to chromatographic methods including thin layer chromatography, paper chromatography, GC and HPLC, mechanisms of chromatography, classification of chromatographic methods, introduction to spectrochemical methods including UV-Vis, fluorescence and IR spectroscopic methods, device presentation for optical spectrometry, preparation of calibration curve, qualitative and quantitative applications of molecular absorption spectrophotometry, atomic spectroscopic techniques as well as introduction to electroanalytical methods, potentiometric and conductometric analysis methods, voltammetric analysis methods will also be covered.
BIOCHEMISTRY

Course code

CHEM213

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

3
The main topics are water and pH, the structure of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids, enzymes including mechanism of action, enzyme kinetics, regulation of enzyme activity, coenzymes, and bioenergetics. The structure of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, cell membranes, are covered as well as structures and mechanisms of action of several membrane channels, pumps and receptors. Transducing and storing energy is covered as part of the introduction to metabolism. The molecular details of nucleic acid structure, DNA replication, RNA synthesis, processing and regulation, gene expression, protein synthesis, techniques in protein biochemistry will also be covered. Transcription of DNA into RNA and the translation at the ribosome are among the emphasized areas as well as protein/enzyme structure/function, macromolecule structures.
PUBLIC HEALTH

Course code

HELS211

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
In this lecture, students will initially gain an insight into major concepts and principles of modern public health. The place of pharmacists in the public health area and their public health duties will be discussed. The main determinants of health and relationship between main determinants and health problems will be discussed, together with important examples from different parts of the world. Students will then learn the concepts of epidemiology, importance of epidemiology in public health and epidemiology of chronic and infectious diseases, with examples of epidemiology of these diseases from different regions. Additional important concepts in public health, such as immunization, health promotion, protection of personal and public health, environmental health, health administration, family planning and birth control will be also discussed in this lecture.
HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION-I

Course code

HIST101

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The aim of this course is to outline the development of civilizations in the course of history. It firstly focuses on the concepts such “Civilization”, “Prehistoric”, and “Historic” and on the factors forcing the emergence of the first civilizations. After examining the prehistoric periods and their characteristics in the course of human life, since the first appearance of human being on earth. The course mainly focuses on the early civilizations, namely the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Aegean, Classical Greek, Hellenistic, Indian, Chinese and Roman Civilizations. Political, social, economical, cultural, entellectual, philosophical and scientific aspects within these entities are also examined. The Medieaval Christian and Islamic worlds and their cultures are also examined stressing their historical, cultural and scientific contributions to the civilization.
PHARMACEUTICAL MICROBIOLOGY

Course code

PHAR205

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

5
This course provides theoretical and practical microbiological knowledge essential for pharmacists. Students will obtain knowledge on saprophytic and pathogenic microorganisms. They will learn the importance of microorganisms, learn the effects of microorganisms on pharmaceutical industry and pharmaceutics produced from microorganisms, obtain knowledge on infections caused by microorganisms and antibiotics that are used for their treatment, handle in-vitro sensitivity tests for antibiotics and assays for microbiological activity, learn and perform the principals of sterilization and disinfection. Pathogenic bacteria, cell structure, virulence factors, biofilms, antimicrobial drugs, mechanisms of action of pharmaceutical agents and antibiotic resistance, introduction to mycology, genetic transfer in bacteria and antimicrobial resistance, microbiome and its role, viruses and parasites, viral diseases, parasitic diseases, and their drugs will also be covered.
PHARMACY PRACTICE

Course code

PHAR207

Credit

2

Theoretical

0

Practical

3

Ects

3
Pharmacist can work in all processes related with medicine; they can run a Pharmacy, work at hospital, drug distribution, import export companies, laboratories, drug and cosmetics production, Veterinary departments, universities. Main subjects are Community Pharmacy, everything needed to run a pharmacy: tools, equipment, compounding medicine, using computer, for selling, controlling stocks, patients and prescriptions. Pharmacy practice is under the control of various laws, regulations, and directions. Registration, practicing process of the profession are all governed by the legislation. We also work on legal and ethical guidelines needed for Pharmacists, to ensure the correct and safe supply of medical products to the general public. As a social responsibility perspective, we include CTPharmacists Association law, their role, aim, power in order promote the good relationship among Pharmacist.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX1

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
ATATÜRK PRINCIPLES AND HISTORY OF TURKISH REFORMS-I

Course code

TARH101

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Basic concepts; Ottoman state and society structure; the internal and external factors leading to the dissolution of the Ottoman State; Ottoman reform and renovation efforts; Tanzimat and Constitutional periods; Tripoli and Balkan Wars; World War I;, the Ottoman fronts in war; the Mondros Armistice; the peace treaties in the end of the war; societies established in the armistice period; Mustafa Kemal, Havza and Amasya General Memorandums; Congresses; the National Pact; the opening of the Grand National Assembly; riots; fronts and battles of the National Forces and the regular armies; foreign relations and treaties of the Grand National Assembly; the Battle of Sakarya and the Great Offensive; the Mudanya Armistice; abolition of the sultanate and the Lausanne Peace Treaty, are the main content of the course.
Fourth Semester
HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION-II

Course code

HIST102

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The course, after giving a concise background information on the establishment of modern Europe due to the developments such as Humanism, renaissance, reformation and enlightenment and the establishment of National Monarchies in Europe, focuses mainly on the historical process initiated by the French Revolution in 1789. The modern European political system based on the nation-states, the political and military competition among the big powers, nationalism, colonialism and imperialism and their impact of the outbreak of the First World War, the causes of the Second World War, are the main focus points of this lesson.To summarize, this course aims to review political history of the twentieth century, and to focus on the main political events of the last century.
PATHOLOGY

Course code

PATH216

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Pathology course includes the study of basic pathology processes that underlie all disease such as cellular pathology, inflammation and repair, neoplasias, and the study of genetic immunologic, metabolic and deficiency, infections, environmental, pediatric and geriatric diseases. This lecture covers up many topics such as general description of pathology, cellular adaptation disorders, atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, metaplasia and dysplasia, cell death including apoptosis necrosis, definition of inflammation its types and signs, gastrointestinal system pathologies, cardiac diseases and cardiovascular system pathologies, lymphatic system pathologies, skeletal system pathologies, central nervous system pathologies, environmental pathologies, blood disorders, pulmonary system pathologies, congenital diseases of kidney and urinary system pathologies, infectious diseases pathologies and bacterial infection pathologies, degenerative diseases of central nervous system.
PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY-I

Course code

PHAR202

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
By the completion of this course, the students are expected to gain information regarding the solution and solution dosage form and be able to understand solubility ad dissolution rate, understand bioequivalence and to assess the methods to measure bioavailability. The students are also expected to understand patent protection and learn aqueus and non-aqueus solvents as well as incompatibility. The subjects to be covered include vaporization, types of solutions and solid solutions, solubility and the factors on solubility. Miceller solubilization as well as formulation and formulation additives will be covered. Stability and the factors that affect stability are discussed in addition to dissolution. Solution dosage forms, syrups, water and aromatic waters are discussed as well as extraction.
PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY-I

Course code

PHAR206

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

5
Introduction to medicinal chemistry, physico-chemical properties of drugs related compounds, receptor and drug receptor interaction, structural features and pharmacologic activity, thereotical aspect of drug design, bioisosterioism, drug metabolism, theoretical applications in drug development and drug discovery, introduction to CNS drugs, adrenergic agents, adrenergic blocking agents, cholinergic agents, cholinergic blocking agents, general and local anesthetics, sedative and hypnotic drugs, tranqulizing agents and neuroleptic drugs, antidepressant and antiepileptic drugs, antiparkinsonian drugs, analgesic and antiinflammatory drugs are covered. Synthesis of some drugs and pharmaceutical raw materials, laboratory safety, yield calculation, thin layer chromatography(TLC), laboratory techniques like filtration, crystallization, extraction, distillation e.g., reaction types like esterification, diazotization. Pharmaceutical Chemistry I Lab. The practical worknow are performed on synthesis of some drugs and pharmaceutical raw materials, laboratory safety, laboratory techniques like filtration, crystallization, extraction, distillation e.g., reaction types like esterification, acylation, nitration, bromination and diazotization.
IMMUNOLOGY

Course code

PHAR208

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
In this course, the students are introduced to the topics of immunology, antigen and antibody recognition and selection, cellular and humoral immunity, hypersensitivity reactions. Vaccines, vaccine generation, importance and action mechanisms of vaccines are covered as well as transplantation of tissues and organs, methods and possible complications. Antibody development and antibody engineering, immune cell structure/function/sorting and molecular basics and techniques of immunology are covered. The structure of antibodies, T-cell and B-cell receptors, MHC, and their functions are included among topics. V(D)J recombination, its mechanisms and enzymes are discussed as well as the details of somatic hypermutation. Positive and negative selection of immune cells, potential complications and autoimmune diseases that can arise from immune system dysfunction are discussed.
PHARMACOLOGY-I

Course code

PHAR210

Credit

4

Theoretical

4

Practical

0

Ects

6
The first part of the course, General Pharmacology, is designed to acquaint students with the general aspects of pharmacology and common terminology in pharmacological sciences, along with the basics of drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. The second part, Pharmacology of Autonomic Nervous System (ANS), deals with the anatomy and physiology of the peripheral nervous system which is responsible with mainly involuntarily functions of our body. The neurotransmitters of ANS and their receptors are targets for drug action to relieve several clinical conditions, also they involve the actions of many currently used drugs that will be presented in the following courses, Pharmacology II and III. The last part of this course, “Autacoids”, dealt with local hormones that they are involved in many clinical conditions.
PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY

Course code

PHAR212

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

4
Aim of the course is to give knowledge on medicinal, useful, poisonous and edible plants in a Plant systematical order. Taxonomy of plants, naming of plants, identification of plants, description of plants and distinguished usages and economical values will be covered and to introduce rich flora and medicinal plants of Turkey and Cyprus will be introduced. Plant species in preparation of herbal medicine with chemical substances and in traditional medicine as well as vegetal biology topics are covered. Information will be given on plant nomenclature, descriptions and identification of plants, preparation of the herbal tea and medicinal plants and their storage, general concepts on the identification of the medicinal plants, examination of roots, stems, leaves methamorphosis, flowers, fruits, seeds identification of Spermatophyta.
ATATÜRK PRINCIPLES AND HISTORY OF TURKISH REFORMS-II

Course code

TARH102

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
The course content follows as: Ankara's proclamation as the capital; proclamation of the republic; the removal of the caliphate; the 1924 Constitutional Law; the establishment of the People's Party; the Progressive Republican Party; the Sheikh Said Rebellion; the Izmir conspiracy; the Free Party; secularization and modernization in law; nationalization of culture and education; the law of unification of education; alphabet revolution; Turkish Language Association; Turkish History Association; reform in the university; socioeconomic developments; Ataturk's national heritage: 6 principles consisting of nationalism, secularism, republicanism, populism, statism and revolutionism; foreign relations and policy in Atatürk period, Montreaux Straits Convention, Balkan Pact and Sadabad Pact, participation of Hatay in Turkey, İnönü era and World War II, Village Institutes, multi-party transition after world war.
Fifth Semester
CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY

Course code

BCHM309

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

3

Ects

5
In this course introduction to biochemical analysis techniques, biochemistry of the circulatory system, bilirubin metabolism, liver functions and jaundice, and related disorders, blood biochemistry, coagulation, hematological disorders, biochemistry of the digestive system and its disorders, digestion of lipids and phospholipids and disorders of lipid metabolism, structure and functions of kidney, kidney function tests, renal diseases and the related biochemical data, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, hypertension and coronary heart diseases and the related biochemical tests, biochemistry and the disorders of endocrine system, biochemistry and the complications of diabetes mellitus, cancer biochemistry are the main topics. Spectrophotometric measurements and principles of biochemical molecules are also widely overed in this course.
INTERNSHIP-I

Course code

PHAR200

Credit

0

Theoretical

0

Practical

0

Ects

3
The third term training is carried out during the Fall Semester of the fifth year of pharmacy education for 60 work days in any community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy or health establishment in TRNC. Trainee of hospital pharmacies are expected to learn about the preparations already produced in hospital pharmacy and, to progress their communication skills with other healthcare providers. Trainee at community pharmacies are expected to be familiar with knowledge on over-the-counter drugs and other health materials that sold at community pharmacies. They should progress their skills on awareness on harmful drug interactions and unexpected adverse drug reactions, and counseling accordingly. Trainee at health establishments should be familiar with commonly seen diseases and main therapeutic approaches, and capable to track the patients’ medical conditions along with patient care.
PHARMACOGNOSY-I

Course code

PHAR301

Credit

4

Theoretical

4

Practical

0

Ects

5
Pharmacognosy provides information about pharmacopoeial and related drugs of biological origin. Pharmacognosy I introduces students to botanical and chemical properties and therapeutical uses of plant originated crude drugs which contain carbohydrates (homogeneous, heterogeneous and algal polysaccharides), simple phenolics, tannins, flavonoids, antraquinones, coumarins, glucosinolates and cyanogenetic glycosides as their active constituents. Pharmacognosy I Lab comprises the examination of microscopical characters of powdered crude drugs containing tannins (nut gall), flavonoids(liquorice, ginkgo), cyanogenic glycosides and antraquinones(senna, cascara) as their active constituents and chemical identification (Borntraeger, Cyanidin) and TLC (antraquinones) of the drugs which yield same group of active constituents. General information about the production and quality control of crude drugs are also included.
PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY-II

Course code

PHAR303

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

3

Ects

5
Autonomic nervous system drugs, cardiovascular system drugs such as cardiac glycosides, antiarrhythmics, antianginals, central nervous system drugs such as sedatives and hypnotics, general and local anesthetics, anticonvulsants, opiates, antihistamines, NSAIDs, anti-ulcer drugs, drugs affecting the hormonal system, functional group analysis, qualitative analysis of drugs with conventional and spectral methods such as UV, IR, H-NMR, mass spectroscopy, and structure determination are the main topics. Paper, thin layer, column and high pressure liquid chromatography techniques and their applications in drug analysis, separation of solid-solid and liquid-liquid mixtures, determination of some physical parameters such as density, boiling point and melting point, measurement of refraction index and determination of specific rotation, drug metabolism and pharmacopoeia analysis will also be performed.
PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY-II

Course code

PHAR305

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
By the completion of Pharmaceutical Technology II course, the students are expected to gain vast understanding in Rheology, colloidal dispersions, aerosols, suspensions and technological properties of emulsions, ointments transdermal drug carrier systems, suppositories and cosmetics are the main topics. Sterile dosage forms and drug carrier systems, parenteral dosage forms, ophthalmic solutions, suspensions, ointments, nasal and otic preparations, sterilization techniques, aseptic technique, sterile formulation routes, solid dosage forms and drug carrier systems, powders, granules, capsules, tablets, solid oral drug carrier systems, coating processes and techniques, quality control techniques applied to dosage forms, validation, packaging of products, introduction to new modern dosage forms and tools (microspheres, liposomes, etc.).
PHARMACOLOGY-II

Course code

PHAR307

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
Pharmacology II is the continuation of the Pharmacology I course. The main topics of Pharmacology II is consist of cardiovascular system drugs (antihypertensive drugs, diuretics and drugs affecting acid-base balance, drugs that are used in angina and other myocardial ischemia and the treatment of myocardial ischemia, drugs used for congestive heart disease, antiarrhytmic drugs, antithrombotic drugs, drugs that are used for hyperlipidemia, peripherial vasodilators and antianemic drugs). After completing cardiovascular system pharmacology central nervous system pharmacology will be introduced. In central nervous system pharmacology; general and local anesthetics, sedative-hypnotics, neuroleptics, anxyolitics, antidepressants, pain management and classification and analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-epileptics and anti-Parkinson drugs will be covered.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX2

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Sixth Semester
FIRST AID

Course code

FAID300

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
This course includes: Definition and principles of first aid, basic first aid applications, evaluation of accident environment, transport of casualty, choking, coma, artificial respiration and heart massage, first aid in bleeding, shock, heat stroke, cold exposure epilepsy, bites, fractures, bandage and atelles, first aid legislation will be covered. The patient's general examination and evaluation, vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, fever, respiratory), medical first aid, cardiac, pulmonary, basic life support, airway, respiratory, circulatory, gastrointestinal emergencies, endocrine, immunological emergencies, pediatric emergencies, first aid surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, fractures and injuries, trauma, shock, wound care, and bleeding control, emergencies related to environmental factors, chemical and physical agents, poisoning, legal aspects of emergency care.
PHARMACOGNOSY-II

Course code

PHAR302

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

3

Ects

5
Pharmacognosy II course is designed to provide detailed information about botanical an chemical properties and therapeutical uses of crude drugs which contain steroidal and triterpenoid saponins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids (according to amino acids they derived from), tropane, isoquinoline, quinoline, indole alkaloids, imidazole alkaloids and purine bases, terpenoid alkaloids, volatile oils and fixed oils as their active constituents. Pharmacognosy II Lab comprises the examination of microscopical characters of powdered crude drugs containing cardiac glycosides(digitalis), tropane alkaloids (belladonna,hyoscyamus), quinoline and isoquinoline alkaloids ( cinchona and ipecac), volatile oil( aniseed, minth, sage) and fixed oil (linseed). Extraction and TLC examination of alkaloids, identification of tropane alkaloids(Vitali-Morin Reaction), volumetric determination of volatile oil and extraction of fixed oil are also included.
PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY-III

Course code

PHAR304

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

3

Ects

5
The main topics are chemotherapeutics such as antiseptics, antiprotozoals, antimalarials, antifungals, antivirals, antineoplastics, antibacterials; antiemetics, antiacides and antiulcer drugs, laxative-purgatives, antidiarhetics, antiallergics, local anesthetics, vitamines, diagnostic compounds and hormones. Antineoplastic and antihistamine drugs, gastrointestinal system drugs, steroids, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's medications, menopause-prostate-osteoporosis drugs, oral and parenteral drugs for nutrition, peptidomimetics, radiopharmaceuticals are also covered. Basic principles of quantitative analysis covering titrimetric methods such as neutralisation, oxido-reduction, complexometry, nitritometry and their application in drug analysis. Also spectrophotometric methods, derivative spectroscopy, quantitative analysis in drug mixture, the principles and applications of the chemical and instrumental techniques such as ultraviolet, infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy of qualitative analysis and structural elucidation of drugs will be covered.
PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY-III

Course code

PHAR306

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
Pharmaceutical Technology III course is designed to teach the Faculty of Pharmacy students parenteral dosage forms. Introduction and definitions regarding parenteral dosage forms will be covered first. Then routes of injection, water purification methods and distillation, reverse osmosis and ion exchange topics will be discussed. Pyrogen and pyrogen tests, water for pharmaceutical use, non-aquesus solvents, parenteral dosage form production are also among the topics that will be covered. Sterilization methods and kinetics will also be discussed in this course emphasizing the importance of sterility during the preparation, storage and administration of parenteral dosage forms. The students are expected to develop an understanding of the details associated with parenteral fosage forms and associated techniques.
PHARMACEUTICAL TOXICOLOGY-I

Course code

PHAR308

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
In this course selective toxicity, toxic effects of pesticides, toxic effects of metals, toxic effects of volatile organic solvents, natural toxins in food, toxic effects of food additives and contaminants, toxic effects of terrestrial animal venoms and poisons and their treatments, toxic effects of plants and their treatments, toxicity of household chemicals, disaster toxicology, toxicological prenciples in juridical cases, air, water, and soil pollution, toxicity of analgesics, toxic effects of the sedative-hypnotics, toxic effects of antihipertansives, toxic effects of the heart and vascular system drugs, toxicity of alcohol, aldehydes, opioids and halusinogenic narcotics, vitamins and their toxic effects, toxicological evaluation of biotechnological products and nanotoxicology will be covered.
PHARMACOLOGY-III

Course code

PHAR310

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
Drugs affecting respiratory (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cough and cold therapy), gastrointestinal (anti-ulcer, drugs that are used in constipation and diarrhea) and endocrine system (hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, thyroid and anti-thyroid drugs, adrenocorticosteroid hormones and adrenocortical antagonists, gonadal hormones and their inhibitors, pancreatic hormones such as insulin and glucagon, oral anti-diabetic drugs, drugs affecting bone-mineral balance, sex hormones like estrogen, progesterone and testosterone and related drugs) will be covered. Chemotherapeutics (antiseptics, disinfectants, antibiotics “macrolides, lincozamides, sulfonamides, penicillins, cephalosporins”, antiparasiter and antimalarial drugs, antiviral agents, antifungal drugs, immunomodulators and cancer therapy, drugs used in dermatological diseases) will also be covered.
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE

Course code

UNIEXX1

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE
Seventh Semester
PHARMACOECONOMICS

Course code

ECON407

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Objectives of this course are mainly to prepare students with a good understanding on the empirical foundation of Pharmaeconomics. This course will provide students with advanced knowledge of Business management, Accounting and Economics basic terminologies. In successful completion of this course, all students will develop their knowledge and understanding on: cost minimization, cost benefit, cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis of pharmaceutical products in medical field. Legal and regulatory issues in management of a pharmacy, legislation, responsibilities of pharmacist, necessary legal documents for a pharmacy are also covered. Also, principals of cost-effectiveness analysis; measuring costs, inflation, and time preference; measuring quality-adjusted life years (QALYs); analysis of costs, QALYs, and cost-effectiveness; design of economic evaluations in clinical trials.
INTERNSHIP-II

Course code

PHAR300

Credit

0

Theoretical

0

Practical

0

Ects

3
This training includes a 60 work day training at a community pharmacy or hospital pharmacy. Determination of the drug requirements of the hospital pharmacy, purchasing drugs for the hospital pharmacy, organization of pharmacy and placement of drugs in the pharmacy, meeting the drug requirements of outpatient and inpatient, obtaining knowledge about drug information studies and keeping the records in the pharmacy as well as evaluation of hospital pharmacy’s relationship with the official and unofficial units are included in the content of this course. In community pharmacy training students will expected to learn the topics of drug counseling points to patients, communication between patient-physician and pharmacist, selection of non-presptiption drugs and supporting the therapy of the patients.
PHARMACEUTICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

Course code

PHAR401

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
Applications of recombinant DNA technology in the pharmaceutical sciences, PCR and mutagenesis in gene engineering, biotechnology derived protein products, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies and pharmaceutical applications, gene therapy, and viral and non-viral delivery of gene therapeutics, usage of transgenic animals for production of biopharmaceuticals, analytical methods used in pharmaceutical biotechnology, mechanisms and causes of protein purification/destabilization, methods used to evaluate protein pharmaceuticals, developments in protein drug delivery, regulatory aspects of biotechnology-based pharmaceuticals, principles of cell culture, preparation, and maintenance of cell lines will be covered. Vaccines, immunoglobulin products, monoclonal antibodies, products containing cells or microorganisms, interferons, therapeutic proteins derived from plants, animals, humans, or microorganisms, and recombinant versions of these products, and quality control of biological products and regulatory issues are also included with particular attention to methods.
PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY-IV

Course code

PHAR403

Credit

4

Theoretical

3

Practical

3

Ects

6
Pharmaceutical Technology IV course is designed to provide detailed information regarding powders and powdered dosage forms. To begin with, the students will be provided with information regarding characteristics of particles and powders. This material will be followed by dissolution rates and it’s methods to measure as well as details of the methods for packing of powders. Flow of powders and angle of repose, tensile strength and bulk flow are also covered. Characteristics of powder flow, improvement of powder flowability, particle size reduction and reduction methods are discussed. Mixing and blending equipments, powder dosage forms (bulk powders, divided powders, granules, effervescent granules) are covered in addition to capsules and lozenges, tablets, tablet compression and validation of compression.
PHARMACEUTICAL TOXICOLOGY-II

Course code

PHAR405

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

3

Ects

6
Hepatotoxicity, nefrotoxicity, toxicity of skin, toxicity of pulmonary system, toxicity of cardiovascular system, selective toxicity, toxic effects of pesticides, toxic effects of metals, toxic effects of volatile organic solvents, natural toxins in food, toxic effects of food additives and contaminants, toxic effects of terrestrial animal venoms and poisons and their treatments, toxic effects of plants and their treatments, toxicity of household chemicals, disaster toxicology, toxicological prenciples in juridical cases, air, water, and soil pollution, toxicity of analgesics, toxic effects of the sedative-hypnotics, toxic effects of antihipertansives, toxic effects of the heart and vascular system drugs, toxicity of alcohol, aldehydes, opioids and halusinogenic narcotics, vitamins and their toxic effects, toxicological evaluation of biotechnological products and nanotoxicology will be covered.
CLINICAL PHARMACY AND PHARMACEUTICAL CARE-I

Course code

PHAR409

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

6
Introduction to the concept of developing pharmaceutical services from hospital pharmacy to clinical pharmacy and their evolution from product oriented pharmacy services, basic concepts of the patient-oriented pharmacy practice, the need for pharmaceutical care and medication therapy management, signs and symptoms of the patient complaints and conditions (cough, chest pains, breathlessness, pain, ‘funny turn’, important referral points), importance of the lifesytle of patients in prevention and management of diseases (hypertension, gastro-oesofageal reflux disease, contraception), adverse drug reactions and interactions (alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, herbal products), guiding principles of pharmacotherapy will be covered. Students will learn how to approach drug therapy related problems by solving case studies about above mentioned topics.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX3

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Eighth Semester
BIOPHARMACEUTICS PHARMACOKINETICS

Course code

PHAR402

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
Biopharmaceutics is the science that examines the interrelationship of the physicochemical properties of the drug, the dosage form in which the drug is given, and the route of administration on the rate and extent of systemic drug absorption. Pharmacokinetics (PK) is the study and characterization of the kinetics of drug Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Elimination (ADME). In this course the students will learn linear PK, non-linear PK, mechanism and interrelationship of ADME, transportation mechanisms of drugs, bioclassification of drugs, effective factors on bioavalibility of drugs, increasing methods of BA, bioequivalence(BE) studies, calculation of volume of distribution, clearance, pharmacokinetic parameters, absolute bioavailibility, relative bioavalibility (BA), similarity and dissimilarity factors.
PHARMACY LEGISLATIONS

Course code

PHAR406

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
Pharmacy profession is under control of various laws. Pharmacy, apart from the legal system (courts, judges, lawyer etc) is a profession which has got the closest relations to the jurisprudence. This is necessitated by the fact that Pharmacy profession deals with the health and well-being of human beings. In this context we give all the main laws needed practicing Pharmacy since in TRNC there is a registration exam before implementing profession. This examination includes all laws, regulations, directions on pharmacy. İn this course, main Laws and regulations are included: Pharmacy and Poison law, and regulations, Dangerous Drugs laws, Cosmetic law, Drug production regulation, Sale food and drugs law, CTurkish Pharmacists association law, ethical code of FIP.
CLINICAL PHARMACY AND PHARMACEUTICAL CARE-II

Course code

PHAR408

Credit

4

Theoretical

4

Practical

0

Ects

6
This course includes pharmacotherapy in some frequently seen disorders of the endocrine system such as diabetes mellitus, disorders of the respiratory system as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, disorders of gastrointestinal system as ulcer, diarrhea, constipation and reflux disease, along with the commonly seen infections as community acquired pneumoniae, pharyngitis, and common cold. Within this course, students will also be familiar for the management of several aspects of palliative care in specialized patient populations. Also, drug therapy in special patient populations such as elderly people, neonates and children, pregnancy, failure in elimination organs will be covered. Students will learn how to approach drug therapy related problems by solving case studies.
COSMETICOLOGY

Course code

PHAR410

Credit

3

Theoretical

2

Practical

2

Ects

5
Cosmeticology is the science of cosmetics and the cosmetics are the products intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions such as skin moisturizer lotions and creams, cleanser cream and lotions, lipsticks, nail polishes, eye and facial make up products, shampoos, permanent waves, hair coloring products, and deodorants, mount washes, sunscreen creams and lotions. In this course, the students will learn the formulations of cosmetic products and the functions of the ingredients in the formulations, dermatological skin care products and the students will prepare them in the laboratory.
PHYTOTHERAPY

Course code

PHAR412

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
This course comprises production of phytomedicines, types of extract (standardized extracts, quantified extracts, solvent ratio and drug extract ratio for the preparation of phytomedicines. Quality control of herbal medicines (swelling index and bitterness value). Toxicity of herbal constituents. Traditional system of herbal medicines, complementary and alternative medicines; medical herbalism, homoeopathy, aromatheraphy. Important phytomedicines used in pharmacy and medicine; The gastrointestinal and biliary system (diarrhea, constipation, inflammatory gastrointestinal conditions, dyspepsia and biliousness, nausea and vomiting, irritable bowel syndrome, bloating and flatulence, liver disease). The cardiovascular system (heart failure and arrhythmias, venous insufficiency and circulatory disorders,antiplatelet and atherosclerotic drugs). The respiratory system (bronchodilators and decongestants). The central nervous system, infectious diseases, the endocrine system, the musculoskeletal system.
DEONTOLOGY AND ETHICS

Course code

PHAR414

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
The aim of this course to provide student a basis of ethical aspects of the pharmacy service by determining and solving ethical dilemmas. By this way pharmacy practice will be more safe and respected. First, basic Concepts (Ethics, Moral Values and Deontology) and Historical Perspective to Ethics: Ten Commandments and Hippocratic Oath and Rationalism of Hippocrates, The Concept of Seven Star Pharmacist: Implications to Ethics and Deontology will be discussed and then Nuremberg Code, American Pharmacists Association of Code of Ethics for Pharmacists, Helsinki Declaration, Case Studies of “How pharmacists should respond a patient who wants dietary supplement?” and “How pharmacists should respond a patient who wants a homeopathic product?” will be covered.'FIP Statement of professional standarts Ethic for Pharmacist" (Tokyo, 2003) will further be discussed.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX4

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
UNIVERSITY ELECTIVE

Course code

UNIEXX2

Credit

3

Theoretical

3

Practical

0

Ects

4
Ninth Semester
TRAINING-III

Course code

PHAR400

Credit

7

Theoretical

0

Practical

14

Ects

12
Hospital and /or Community Pharmacy Training Cont’d: A 45 work day training at a community or hospital pharmacy. Determination of the drug requirements of the hospital pharmacy, purchasing drugs for the hospital pharmacy, organization and placement of the pharmacy, meeting the drug requirements of outpatient and inpatient, obtaining knowledge about drug information studies and keeping the records in the pharmacy as well as evaluation of hospital pharmacy’s relationship with the official and unofficial units are included in the content of this course. Community pharmacy training also will covered depend on prefer of student. Advising service to patients, patient-physician-pharmacist communication, nonprescription drug choice, progressing of the treatment are the main topics.
GRADUATION PROJECT-I

Course code

PHAR501

Credit

6

Theoretical

0

Practical

12

Ects

14
By preparing a project on a specific topic under the supervision of an academic advisor, the student will gain skills in writing a project report. Student is expected to research the scientific literature and cover information on a subject which will be established under supervision of an academic staff assigned by the Faculty. Therefore, in addition to writing a formal project report, the student will learn how to properly research the literature, finding new and prominent scientific literature using scientific search engines like NCBI PUBMED and others, they will also learn how to cite the researched published work properly and also how to write an original article avoiding any plagiarism.
COMMUNITY AND HOSPITAL PHARMACY SERVICES

Course code

PHAR507

Credit

4

Theoretical

4

Practical

0

Ects

4
This lecture includes 1-month crash course where students are required to take courses every day of the week. The students will be provided with lectures on interactions of the pharmacies with other related departments, investigating potential drug interactions for inpatients, any side effects and points to pay attention to while reporting them will be some of the important topics covered. General legislation regarding community pharmacy regulations and non-prescription drug choices per patient, advising the patient about improving their lifestyle for better health will be discussed. Additionally important factors like light, pH, temperature on the stability of drugs in the pharmacy, analytical validation, stability testing, patenting, are among the topics discussed.
Tenth Semester
GRADUATION PROJECT-II

Course code

PHAR502

Credit

6

Theoretical

0

Practical

12

Ects

16
The student will continue on the same project specific topic under the supervision of an academic advisor will gain skills in writing a project report with the data obtained and be able to present the project an oral presentation in addition to submitting a report to be evaluated by the jurors committee. Student is expected to research the scientific literature and cover information on a subject which will be established under supervision of an academic staff assigned by the Faculty. Therefore, in addition to writing a formal project report, the student will learn how to properly research (using search engines like NCBI) and present a scientific research project in a properly cited and reference d manner, avoiding any plagiarism.
INTERNSHIP-IV

Course code

PHAR504

Credit

12

Theoretical

0

Practical

25

Ects

14
This training includes 60 work days of training at a community pharmacy or hospital pharmacy. During the training at hospital pharmacy, students are expected to learn organization of the pharmacy units, drug distribution upon orders, patient-based recording aspects and stock control of hospital pharmacy, along with the communication skills for mutual interactions with other healthcare professionals. In community pharmacy training students are expected to learn much about drug and patient information by using relevant sources as websites for drug indexes and drug interactions, the medicine and lifestyle counseling points to patients and to progress their communication skills between patient and pharmacist and pharmacist and other healthcare givers. Nonprescription drug choice and several aspects of healthcare should also be covered.
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX5

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
AREA ELECTIVE

Course code

PHARXX6

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

4
AREA ELECTIVE

Optional modules

INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY

Course code

PHAR217

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Introduction to Pharmaceutical Technology course is provided to Pharmacy students in order to provide a formal introduction to the field. This course is designed to introduce students to pharmaceutical technology and provide information on dosage forms. The covered material includes various topics including dosage forms and classifications, dose, absorption and plasma profile, Fick's law and diffusion, Dose and additive action, fugative action, and synergistive action, children's dose. Additionally, bioeqivalence, patent, pharmacokinetics, factors affecting absorption, dissolution rate and bioavailability, storage, labels and prescription metrology topics are covered. Reference books are discussed in this course as well as the controled release dosage forms.
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Course code

PHAR116

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The course Pharmaceutical and Medical Terminology will teach terms commonly used in pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences, medicine and medical areas and pharmaceutical literature by word structure construction, identification of functions and conditions associated with prefixes, suffixes, root words in a systems based approach. Singular and plural forms of the medical and pharmaceutical terms are also widely described and practiced under the coverage of this course. Terminology of systems included body structure and organization, integumentary system, musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, urinary and reproductive systems, digestive, blood, endocrine and lymphatic systems. The antique history of the medicinal terms and their development are also mentione in this course.
NON-PRESCRIPTION DRUG (OTC)

Course code

PHAR315

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Introduction and basic properties of non-prescription drugs, which are commonly used for the treatment of minor, non-life threatening conditions and the self-care with these drugs are very common. In this course the ethical and professional responsibilities of pharmacists in self-care, safe and effective usage of lifestyle medicines (drugs that used for such as obesity, baldness, impotence, wrinkles, erectile dysfunction, or acne), some common OTC products (antacids, laxatives, decongestants and sympathomimetics) and herbal and other natural products will be discussed and counseling points on these drugs and products will also be discussed. Important interaction with non-prescription drugs will also be covered.
PHARMACEUTICAL NOMENCLATURE

Course code

PHAR313

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
In Pharmaceutical Nomenclature course the chemical nomenclature of acyclic and cyclic hydrocarbons, single and two rings aromatics, bicyclic spirohydrocarbons, heterospirohydrocarbons, benzo/hetero two ring systems, fused heterocycles, multi-ring heterocycles, multi-ring carbocycles and bridged systems, chemical nomenclature principles of compounds with characteristic (functional) groups, terpenes, glycosides, carbohydrates, steroids, prostaglandins, cyclitols and amino acids according to IUPAC and CA rules will be covered. Additionally, classifications of organic compounds as alkanes, alkenes, alkynes; alcohols, ethers, alkyl halides, esters, amines, imines, amino acids, heterocyclic ring systems, aromatic and alicyclic heterocyclic rings, spiro compounds: two or more rings. Along with amindes, imides, ureides, ureines will be covered in the context of the course.
TOXICOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF DRUG USE IN LIFE STAGES

Course code

PHAR426

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

0
This course covers introduction to safety drug use in life stages and fundamental concepts, safety drug use in pregnancy, placental transfer of drugs in pregnancy, how drugs affect the fetus, commonly used drugs in pregnancy and their categories, FDA categorization of drugs for use in pregnancy, list of teratogens, (pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic) factors that are altered in childhood and elderly, safety use of drugs and factors that may affect therapy in these age groups, the safety use of herbal medicinal products and their interactions with drugs in these age groups, drug-nutrient interactions in these age groups, medication errors in elderly and patient safety, polypharmacy in elderly and its consequences clinically important drug–disease Interactions, polypharmacy in children and its consequences.
DRUG SAFETY AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN DRUG USE

Course code

PHAR425

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

0
This course covers introduction to drug safety and fundamental concepts, adverse drug reactions, pharmacovigilance, history of pharmacovigilance, pharmacovigilance centers, sources of generation of safety signals, cause and effect analysis, hypersensitivity, immunotoxicity and idiosyncratic reactions, toxic responses of the skin to drugs and cosmetics, the role of cytochromes in liver diseases/toxicities, factors affecting toxicity of herbal medicinal products and their interaction with drugs, most commonly used herbal preparations and their specifications, safety in polypharmacy and the measures taken for the efficacy of the drugs with respect to patient safety, impact of drug metabolizing enzyme polymorphisms in drug response, toxicities due to the genetic and inter-individual differences, drug-nutrient interactions and their consequences, risk assessment of chemicals and drug use, medication errors and patient safety.
ETHNOBOTANY

Course code

PHAR114

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Briefly, this course contains the topics of the interactions between the plant and human relations and their history (the basic properties of human and plant interaction in present and past human societies, transmission of the information that derives from this interaction, evaluation of therapeutical plants and usage of plant derived therapeutical products, the evaluation of how these processes affect the effectiveness of plant derived therapeutical products). Additionally, this course contains the topic of Turkish ethnobotanical resources the roles of ethnobotanical information on the discovery of new drugs, plants domesticated, edible and medicinal dyes, poisonous plants and spices. Also, different plants species in different regions of will be evaluated in respect to their potential of being raw drug material.
MEDICAL LAW

Course code

PHAR423

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The Introduction to Medical Law and Ethics course introduces you to legal and ethical issues related to the health care setting by providing an overview of the laws and professional requirements that regulate the delivery of health care, including HIPAA, the Patient’s Bill of Rights, and standard of care. You will also gain an understanding of the ethical and moral issues that health care professionals may encounter, analyze issues of law and ethics as related to health care, determine the similarities and differences between laws, ethics, and moral issues; assess the importance of confidentiality in the health care setting from both a legal and ethical standpoint; compare and contrast the roles of various members of the health care team in terms of standard of care.
CELL CULTURE TECHNIQUES

Course code

PHAR424

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

In the Cell Culture Techniques course, introduction of cell culture, cell culture laboratory layout and equipment used in cell culture, types and origins of cells used in culture, cell bank systems, cell bank system applications, cell freezing and storage methods, cell bank system applications, cell viability and toxicity tests, tissue engineering are planned as the main topics. Application of these techniques to pharmaceutical sciences is also part of the course’s aims. Use of cell culture techniques in current and novel technological advances including vaccine generation purposes, gene therapy methods, drug development and testing, bacterial and viral infectivity studies, stem cell technology, different cell culture types and their use in various experimental studies are covered.
PHARMACOVIGILANCE AND DRUG INTERACTIONS

Course code

PHAR421

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

The main topics are introduction to adverse drug reactions and spontaneous reporting, history and importance of pharmacovigilance, the safety of medicines in public health programmes, necessity of national pharmacovigilance systems, establishment of pharmacovigilance system in Turkey (TUFAM), national reporting, PSUR, international pharmacovigilance data sources.Drug interactions introduction to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (ADME), drug interactions with antibacterial agents, antiviral and antineoplastic agents, anticoagulants, antihypertansives, antiplatelet and other drugs used in cardiovascular diseases, drugs acting in CNS, With drugs acting in endocrine system, drugs used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, drug interactions with muscle relaxants and antitussive drugs will be covered in the second part of the course.
PHARMACOGENETICS AND PHARMACOGENOMICS

Course code

PHAR427

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics lecture will be dealing with interaction of genetics and polymorphism on drug pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics parameters. The aim of this course is to deal with the basis of gene therapy, genetic variation in the effects of drugs and xenobiotic substances on the body, and in the body’s reactions to drugs, translational, and pharmaceutical research, and application of genomic technologies to new drug discovery. Genetically engineering drugs and their application in treatment of certain diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart problems, Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases and atherosclerosis will be also considered. While genetic variation is an important parameter on drug interactions, the contributions of epigenetic and non-genetic factors to drug disposition and drug response will be explained in this lecture.
NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES

Course code

PHAR519

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

In the Neglected Tropical Diseases course, students will be provided with information regarding several tropical diseases and their pathogens including Leishmaniasis, Chagas disease/Sleeping sickness, Trachoma, Arboviruses (with a focus on flaviviruses), Malaria, Schistosomiasis as well as their preferred treatment options. Novel drug design strategies and drug development methodologies will be covered. The disease causing pathogen and the vector which transmits the pathogen will be covered as well as strategies for infection control and treatment. Epidemiological distribution of neglected tropical diseases and pathogenesis will be thoroughly discussed. Public health concerns, geographical distribution and pharmaceutical approaches for treatment and prevention are among the covered topics. Students are also expected to present on recent research in the field, directed at microbiological investigations, treatment and prevention methodologies.
DRUG DESIGN

Course code

PHAR511

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Historical background of drug design and discovery, drug-receptor interactions and bond types involved in these interactions, the role of water/lipid solubility in binding, importance of stereochemistry in drug action, conformational flexibility, rigid analogs, importance of structure-activity relationships for new drug design and the role of acidity-basicity in drug effect, approaches used for the definition of lead compounds, design based on target macromolecules, endogenous molecules, analogue design, combinatorial chemistry, pharmacophore definition, lead compound modification and optimization, prediction of lipophilicity, ionization and steric parameters, pro drug design, drug targeting and soft drug design, the drug design based on enzymes, enzyme inhibitors, toxic effects due to functional groups and their corrections, examples of successful applications for rational drug design are the main topics.
DRUG ANALYSIS I

Course code

PHAR293

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
The course will cover the basic knowledge required to understand the chemistry manufacturing and control of medicinal products. Analytical Methods shall be discussed with an in depth focus on Principles of Pharmaceutical Analysis (Instrumental Analysis; Qualitative & Quantitative Analysis; Infrared; Ultra violet; Florescence; 1H nuclear magnetic resonance; 13C nuclear magnetic resonance; Mass spectroscopy; Atomic emission & absorption; Electrochemical method of analysis).
PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACEUTICAL CARE

Course code

PHAR417

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Patient oriented concepts, pharmaceutical care processes like, pharmaceutical care in hyperlipidemia, in gastrointestinal disorders, in diabetes, in upper respiratory tract infections, in rational antibiotic use, problems in antibiotic use in pain and muscle spasms, in hypertension, and clinical pharmacist's role in herbal drug use, common skin disorders with clinical pharmacist's approach are the main topics.
LITERATURE SURVEY

Course code

PHAR404

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

3
In this course, we will cover the basics of literary style, focusing on the relationship between form and content of the text prepared by students. The course covers up research techniques for the medicine and pharmaceutical related fields, preparing proper research aim, presentation of research subjects, developing students skills on power point presentations, literature survey, evaluation of the literature will be presented, tips for writing graduation project / dissertation project, referencing styles such as APA, Harvard and how to reference text. The term plagiarism is widely explained to the pharmacy students. Importance of parapharesing and usage of synonims are described extensively for avoiding plagiarism.
TARGETED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS

Course code

PHAR517

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

Objectives of this course are mainly to prepare students with a good understanding on a variety of different drug delivery systems and drug targeting. This includes controlling drug delivery such as immediate release drug delivery systems, delay release drug delivery systems, sustained release drug delivery systems and controlled release dosage forms. Site directed drug targeting will also be another focus of the course which includes the concept of drug targeting with drug carriers to specific organs or tissues such as brain, liver, spleen and tumors will be discussed. The concept of passive and active targeting will be given. The advantages and disadvantages of drug carrier systems for drug targeting will be explored. These carrier systems includes; liposomes, nanoparticles, dendrimers and polymer conjugates.
PROTEIN PRODUCTION BY RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY

Course code

PHAR422

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

In Protein Production by Recombinant DNA Technology course, Recombinant DNA technology production techniques like PCR, Molecular Cloning, Restriction enzymes, plasmids will be discussed in addition to the work flow. General information about the protein extraction and purification techniques, expression systems, fermentation techniques, fermentors and bioreactors, up and downstream processes, separation and purification techniques for expressed proteins and production related problems will be covered. Utilization of different organisms and microorganisms for protein production as well as protein engineering techniques will be discussed. CRIPR-Cas system and novel techniques and technologies in genetic and protein engineering as well as the basic biotechnological methods are among the covered topics.
Neurophysiology

Course code

PHAR291

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

OXIDATION AND ANTIOXIDATION

Course code

PHAR503

Credit

2

Theoretical

2

Practical

0

Ects

2
Free radicals, generation mechanism of free radicals, free radical-induced tissue and organ injury, the role of free radicals in physiological functions, free radical-induced diseases, the role of free radicals in aging, free radicals and cancer, antioxidant systems and exercise, endogenous antioxidants, exogenous antioxidants, experimental methods for oxidative tissue injury methods for antioxidants will be covered.

TR Applicants

TR Students who are successful in the exams conducted by the Higher Education Council Student Selection and Placement Center (ÖSYM) and are entitled to enroll in our university in line with their preferences can complete the registration process with the necessary documents for registration from our Registration and Liaison Offices throughout Turkey or from the Marketing Directorate on campus.

Click for detailed admission requirements information.

TRNC Applicants

TRNC citizens and TR citizen candidate students who have completed their entire high school education in TRNC. They are placed in undergraduate programs in line with their success in the CIU Student Placement and Scholarship Ranking Exam and the programs they prefer.

Students who are successful in the exam can register from the TRNC Marketing Office.

Applicants can directly apply online to our undergraduate programs using the application portal. Please fill in your details correctly and upload all the required documents listed on the last page of the application form.

Required documents;

  • Completed application form,
  • Higher/Secondary Certificate or equivalents (e.g. O/A’Level, WAEC/NECO),
  • Evidence of English Language competence: TOEFL (65 IBT) or IELTS (5.5). Students without these documents will take the CIU English proficiency exam on campus following arrival,
  • Scanned copy of international passport/birth certificate,
  • Fully completed and signed CIU Rules and Regulations document (which can be downloaded during the online application).

Cyprus International University provides academic scholarships for its students as an incentive for success, with most students benefiting from 50%, 75% or 100% scholarships or discounted tuition fees. Click for more information.

  Non-Scholarship 50% Scholarship
Pharmacy Program € 7.844,00 € 4.099,00

Click for more to learn about fees in line with the Tuition Fee Calculation system.