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CIU Academic Warns of Food Allergies

Prof. Dr. Seyit Mehmet Mercanlıgil, Lecturer of the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cyprus International University (CIU), pointed out causes and symptoms of food allergies.

Mercanlıgil stated that food allergies are hypersensitivity reactions to one or more nutrients through the body's immune system. He stated that they happen due to defects in intestinal mucosa, excessive absorption of nutrient allergens and abnormal antibody response. Food allergies are seen in children more, and it can also be seen suddenly at later ages.

Mercanlıgil pointed out that cow's milk, eggs, wheat, soybeans, sesame seeds, fish, shellfish, nuts, peanuts, and oil seeds are among the foods that can cause food allergies. Mercanlıgil said that some allergies caused by some nutrients get better over the time, while others last for a long time.

Mercanlıgil said in food allergiessymptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, itching, redness, cough, asthma, low blood pressure, and migraines can be seen. Mercanlıgil recalled that allergens in the structure of proteins can be similar to other allergens and this similarity is called cross allergy. Mercanlıgil said that in people who have allergies to pollen, oedema of the mouth or lip may occur when they eat some fruits and vegetables. Mercanlıgil reported that the clinical picture, which was developed as a result of cross reaction, was defined as “oral allergy syndrome.”

Mercanlıgil stated that affected people nursing mothers should remove all the nutrients from food lists, so that nutrient deficiencies may be prevented and treated. Likewise, it has been suggested that food containing protein hydrolyzed should be preferred for children with cow milk allergy.

Last updated: 10-01-2019