CIU Academic states that to Prevent Polio a Vaccine in Early Childhood Should be Done
Prof. Dr. Seçil Aksayan, Faculty Member of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Cyprus International University (CIU), said polio is a type of virus, called poliovirus, and she expressed that it causes death in children by paralysis which affects the central nervous system and it is an infectious disease.
Aksayan said polio in the world in general has reduced by 99 percent and is only seen very rarely, adding that its symptoms are hard to notice and it is usually seen in children aged 3-5.
Prof. Dr. Seçil Aksayan said that the virus lived in the throat and intestines, entering into the body through the mouth and spread through contact with t faeces of the infected person. Aksayan said the highest possibility of contagin of the disease is 7-10 days before the indication of the symptoms and for 7-10 days after it begins, adding that during the disease a low-grade fever and sore throat, fatigue, nausea, headache, abdominal pain, and such flu-like symptoms can be seen.
Aksayan stated that less than 1% of the patients suffering from poliovirus infection become paralyzed, and she said that the disease can be restored with muscle control and relaxation. Aksayan said that if the paralysis continues for 12 months after the onset of the disease, the damage in the body could be permanent and the disease could recur even 15 to 40 years later.
Aksayan stated that protection against poliovirus infection is a vaccination, and she said the Polio vaccine is made at 2, 4, 6, and 18 months and in the first grade of primary education. Aksayan said that in adults, it is recommended that a dose should be re-administered 4 weeks before travel to countries in which the disease is common.