CIU Academic says The Main Goal of the United Nations is to Prevent Threats to Peace and Protect International Security
Assist. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Direkli, Head of the International Relations department, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University (CIU), declared that the main aim of the United Nations Organization is to prevent the repetition of wars and prevent the threats to peace witnessed in the first half of the 20th century and to protect international peace and security.
Direkli said “The United Nations officially became operational on 24th October, 1945, after the majority of the member states including the five permanent members of the Security Council, ratified the Charter. Since then, October 24th is celebrated as UN Day every year.
Direkli conveyed that the organization took its place in World politics with the participation of victorious countries at the end of the Second World War and The Charter, which is the founding treaty of the UN, was signed in San Francisco on June 26th, 1945, by 50 countries, including Turkey.
Direkli said that the number of official members of the UN reached 193 with the addition of South Sudan in 2011. He also touched upon the main organs of the organization, saying that these are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Guardianship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat.
The International Court of Justice, which is one of the important bodies of the United Nations, was established for the settlement of disputes and important decisions. Direkli said the court contributed to establish an important understanding for the legal system of today's governments.
Direkli stated that after the post-1945 period, the Council of Guardianship had lost its importance in today's international system with the liberation of the societies enslaved by the colonial states. Direkli said that the United Nations is now criticized for not taking decisions in many respects and the reason for this is the existence of veto powers of the permanent members of the Security Council. He added that many major disputes could not be resolved because of the disagreements among those countries.